Much of the Assyrian Empires wealth was spent on glorification of the king and

Much of the assyrian empires wealth was spent on

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Much of the Assyrian Empire’s wealth was spent on glorification of the king and his conquests through works of art oMany contained Omens because Assyrian kings relied heavily on Omens and their interpretations by priests to guide royal policy In 612 BC Babylonians lead a rebellion that captured Nineveh and lead to the collapse of the Assyrian EmpireBabylon was the capital of the new Neo-Babylonian Kingdom, the dominant tribe was the Chaldeans (learned astronomers) oNebuchadnezzar was the most famous Neo-Babylonian KingoBuilt the lavish temples and the Hanging Gardens of Babylon (7 wonders of the Ancient World) oCaptured Jerusalem in 586 BC and destroyed the city and the holy temple Iranian societies developed from Indo-Europeans oThe two greatest societies were the Medes and the Persians
Little is known about the Medes because no written documents from Media (east of Mesopotamia) exist Greeks call their two wars with the Persian Empires the Medic Wars The founder of the Persian Empire was King Cyrus oFirst conquest was over Media oWestern Asia Minor and conquered Lydia, brought the Persian Empire westward as far as the Aegean Sea (separates Asia minor from Greece) oCyrus captured Babylon to secure the Southern flank of his Empire (offered little resistance) oCyrus’s administration was renown for tolerating customs and religions of those he conquered Allowed possibly 40,000 refugees to return to Judah Cyrus’s successor, Cambyses, conquered Egypt in 525 BC which remained under Persian control until Alexander the Great in 332 BC Darius, the third king of Persia, left behind a written record of all of his conquests oClarifies he is the only source of law on the carving of the monument written in 3 languages (Old Persian, Akkadian, Elamite) oMany Near Eastern kings tried to have a reputation for fairness Darius divided his empire in 20 provinces, ruled by a satrap (dispensed justice, designed foreign policy, and were in charge of finance; this became a model for the Roman Empire) Persian road system were admired, began under Cyrus but then perfected under DariusoBound the empire together oMore than 1000 miles The Persian king was not considered divine, but rather a priest oZoroaster was a prophet who formed the Persian faith Taught that the supreme god, Ahura Mazda, god of light, created the world and directed the heavens and seasonsInfluenced Judaism (god creator of the world and light) Ahura was opposed by Ahriman, wholly evil spirit, the devil Zoroaster taught duality of religion, of judgment day, and brought back sacrificing animals
Forming of Greek Civilization18:19Crete and Early Greece
Forming of Greek Civilization18:19The first important society in the Greek world was on Crete Cities in Greece were governed by monarchs Minoan- archaeological evidence of early civilization in Crete; villa known as the Palace of Minos, which is why the early society is called Minoan

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