Although cost of internet connectivity in Rwanda was declining in 2010 they

Although cost of internet connectivity in rwanda was

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Although cost of internet connectivity in Rwanda was declining, in 2010 they were still 10-20 times higher than in OECD countries. ii) Talent – shortage of skilled workforce The civil war has really taken its toll on Rwanda. It faced a severe shortage of skilled workers when skilled professionals had been particularly targeted in the killings. In terms of education, most of the teachers were qualified, but they were still lacking of skill in teaching skills like modern instruction, student-centered teaching methodologies as well as English language skills. On top of that, there continued to be severe lack of textbooks and teaching materials. Rwanda had lack of technology that limit their efficiency level. Hydropower potential in the country was estimated to be 500 MW, but only 72 MW having been exploited. the poor quality of energy distribution network also resulted in transmission losses of 25%. In agriculture, the farmers were still using traditional tools without technology intervention in producing coffee and tea products. iii) Politic Unity and reconciliation among Rwandan was one of the main challenges Rwanda has to its economy transformation program especially between Huttu and Tutsi. There was also gender parity at the secondary school and high discrimination sentiments against women in Rwanda. Women were not given equal opportunity likewise men in educational and workforce sectors. A key external challenge was the relation to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) where several militias challenged the control of the central government in the northeast and perpetrators of the genocide in Rwanda were suspected to hide in remaining refugee camps. A peace accord with the DCR was signed in 2002, but the situation remained difficult. 11 | P a g e
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iv) Geographical Rwanda is land-locked country that do not have direct access to Indian Ocean. Its import and export had to be transported 1,500 kilometers northeast through Uganda to Mombasa, a route favored for its efficient Kenyan haulers. The other route to reach Indian Ocean was southeast to Tanzania, with a less crowded port but lengthy unpaved road segments and unreliable railway services. Although Rwanda rely mainly on subsistence agriculture, they have scarcity of arable land due to their geographical features of mountainous terrain. 12 | P a g e
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