o Schizoaffective Disorder People who had symptoms of schizophrenia exhibited

O schizoaffective disorder people who had symptoms of

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o Schizoaffective Disorder: People who had symptoms of schizophrenia & exhibited the characteristics of mood disorders (depression or bipolar). Prognosis is same as schizophrenia, but individuals do not tend to get better on their own & are likely to continue experiencing major life difficulties for many years. DSM-5 criteria: mood disorder, delusions, hallucinations for at least 2 weeks in the absence of prominent mood symptoms. -Brief Psychotic Disorder- o Def: characterized by the presence of one or more positive symptoms such as delusions, hallucinations, diagnosed speech, or behavior lasting 1 month or less. o Brief psychotic disorder is often precipitated by extremely stressful situations. 11. Attenuated psychosis syndrome - Attenuated Psychosis Syndrome- o Attenuated psychosis syndrome: people have some symptoms of schizophrenia but are aware of the troubling and bizarre nature of these symptoms. o New psychiotic disorder proposed in DSM-5
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Individuals who develop early stages of schizophrenia called prodromal. Potentially at high risk of developing schizophrenia, early stage of illness. No schizophrenia disorder, but maybe good candidate for early intervention to prevent worsening of symptoms. Identified when so distressed by symptoms that they seek mental health professional help. Need to flag these for intervention o Schizotypal personality disorder: related to psychotic disorder, the characteristics are similar to those experienced by people with schizophrenia but are less severe. 12. Psychological influences – stress and family characteristics (i.e., expressed emotion) o Schizophrenogenic mother was used for a time to describe a mother whose cold, dominant, and rejecting nature was thought to cause schizophrenia. o Double Bling Communication: Was used to portray a communication style that produced conflicting messages, which, in turn, caused schizophrenia to develop. o Research has now focused om Expressed emotion (EE) emotional communication style. George Brown in London Followed people who were discharged from hospital after an episode of schizophrenia. Former patients with limited contact with their relatives did better than patients who spent longer periods with family. If the levels of criticism (disapproval), hostility (animosity), and emotional overinvolvement (intrusiveness) expressed by the families were high, patients tended to relapse. High expressed emotion ex: “Why don’t you pick up a book, do a crossword or something like that to keep your mind off it” That’s even too much. Low expressed emotion ex: “I just tend to let it go because I know that when she wants to speak she will speak.” 13. Medication Treatment – (e.g., types, efficacy and tolerability findings, how medications work, why compliance is an issue Neuroleptics (1 st generation): relieves symptoms of schizophrenia .
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