Therefore the citizen centred government should use at least 70 per cent of its

Therefore the citizen centred government should use

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service delivery. Therefore, the citizen-centred government should use at least 70 per cent of its budget to provide timely, efficient and effective public goods and services such as; health, education, defense and infrastructures since the greatest portion of this funds is obtained from the tax payers. Well spent public funds will benefit the majority of the citizens through good services. Public procurement refers to the purchasing, hiring or obtaining by means of a contractual arrangement after public competition of goods, services, works and other supplies by the public sector/service, Odhiambo & Kamau, (2003). Public procurement is alternatively defined as the purchase of commodities and contracting of construction works and services if such acquisition is effected with resources from state budgets, local authority budgets, state foundation funds, domestic loans or foreign loans guaranteed by the state, foreign aid as well as revenue received from the economic activity of state. Writing from Uganda context, Public Procurement and Disposal of Public Assets Authority defines procurement as, “the acquisition by purchase, rental, lease, hire purchase, license, tenancy, franchise, or any other contractual means of any type of works, services, goods/supplies or any combination.” On the other hand public procurement is defined as; “an overall process of acquiring goods, civil works and services which includes all functions from the identification of needs, selection and solicitation of sources, preparation and award of contract, and all phases of contract administration through the end of a services’ contract or the useful life of an asset,” United Nations Development Programme, (2007). In simple, public procurement is one of the governments most appropriate means to respond to the population needs in a way of not only to deliver public goods or services but also ensures value for money so as to improve their lives and living conditions. Public procurements may be often influenced by a range of secondary objectives which are not related to, or might even conflict with, the principles of best value for money in obtaining products or services under procurement, Mbabazi et al., (2009). Examples of secondary objectives are; the promotion of national industries by shutting out foreign competition; favoring foreign currencies; or discriminating against certain foreign products or services for other reasons; rewarding political supporters, recognizing and favoring well placed firms (those that can afford kick-backs), and those whose owners can intimidate the procuring officials. However, the practices vary across many dimensions like countries legal system and cultures, organizations’ and management levels and strategies. For the last decades, developing countries are struggling to reform their public procurement systems to comply with 2004 Johannesburg Declaration by the multilateral and bilateral development institutions and other
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Public Policy and Administration Research ISSN 2224-5731(Paper) ISSN 2225-0972(Online) Vol.6, No.8, 2016 21
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