D 1856 a proslavery gang attacked and burned part of

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D. 1856, a proslavery gang attacked and burned part of free-soilLawrence, Kansas.E. The caning ofCharles Sumner1. Sumner, an abolitionist Senator from Massachusetts, gave speech"Crime Against Kansas" where he condemned pro-slavesoutherners and insulted a S.C. Senator2. South Carolina CongressmanPreston Brooksretaliated bysavagely beating Sumner with an 11-oz gold-headed cane.3. House of Reps didn't have the votes to expel Brooks but heresigned anyway and was unanimously reelected by SouthCarolina to the Senate.4. The beating demonstrated hatred brewing in Congress betweenNorth & SouthF.Pottawatomie Massacre, May 18561.John Brown& sons, in May 1856, slaughtered 5 men withsword in revenge for the attack on Lawrence (and the caning ofSumner)2.Brown an extreme abolitionist; saw himself as doing God's work.3.Brown escaped justice4.A mini-civil war began in Kansas 1856 that continued throughthe Civil War.
G.Lecompton Constitution(1857)1. Kansas applied for statehood based on popular sovereignty.2. Southerners in control drafted a pro-slavery constitutiona. People voted for the constitution with or with or withoutslavery.b. If people voted no on slavery, rights of slaveholders currentlyin Kansas would be protected.3. Free-soilers again refused to vote for a southern-dominatedconstitution4. Slave supporters approved the constitutionwithslavery late in1857.5. President Buchanan supported the Lecompton Constitution6. Senator Douglas led the opposition to Kansas' constitution7. Compromise: Lecompton Constitution sent back to Kansas foranother vote but pro-slavery Kansas rejected the proposal4. Result: Free-soilers victorious but Kansas denied statehood until1861 after the South seceded.H. Kansas issue shattered the Democratic Party1. Buchanan’s support for Kansas split the Democratic party alongsectional lines.2. Republicans would win in 1860 at the expense of split Democrats3. With the Whig and Democratic parties shattered in the 1850s, nonational party existed that could hold the Union together.XII. Election of 1856A.James Buchanannominated by Democrats1. Pierce seen as ineffective and Douglas alienated the southernwing of the party after blocking the Lecompton Constitution.2. Party platform: popular sovereignty in the territories.B. Republicans nominatedCaptain John C. Fremont"Pathfinder ofthe West"1. 1stpresidential election for the new Republican party2. Party platform: no extension of slavery in the territories.C.American Party("know-nothings")nativist in orientation1. White Anglo-Saxon Protestants opposed to Irish, German,Mexican and Chinese immigration.2. Anti-Catholic--accused Fremont of being Catholic3. Ex-president Millard Fillmore nominated4. Received support from many members of the defunct Whig party.D. Buchanan defeated Fremont 174 to 114; Fillmore 8.1.Southern "fire-eaters" threatened to secede if Fremont elected.

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Term
Winter
Professor
N/A
Tags
History, Popular Sovereignty, Abraham Lincoln, Civil War, Compromise Of 1850, The American, The Land, Slavery in the United States, American Civil War, fugitive slave law

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