INR 42 Which drug class is the only one proven to decrease cardiovascular

Inr 42 which drug class is the only one proven to

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- INR 42. Which drug class is the only one proven to decrease cardiovascular mortality in hypertensive patients? - BB 43. What is the most common adverse side effect of drugs taken to lower low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, such as a bile acid sequestrant like Questran and Ezetimibe (Zetia)?
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- Gastrointestional symptoms. 44. What medications are most appropriate for efectively managing a patient with moderate persistent asthma? - An inhaled steroid (Fluticasone) and a long-acting bronchodilator (Advair). 45. What medication class should be avoided in patients with bronchitis due to the fact it might worsen the symptoms of congestion. - Antihistamines like Benadryl. 46. Which antibiotic is most effective in treating community acquired pneumonia (CAP) in a young adult without co-morbid conditions? - Azthromycin (Zithromax). 47. What drug combination would be most effective to keeping a 20-year old patient with mild persistent asthma symptom free? - A short-acting bronchodilator prn like Albuterol (Proventil) and an inhaled corticosteroid). 48. What drug should be avoided in a patient who is taking Theophylline twice daily for bronchospastic disease, and who presents today with thick, discolored, tenacioius sputum, and mild shortness of breath, and fever? - PREDNISONE 49. What is the most important teaching point for a patient taking Salmeterol (Serevent) for asthma? - NOT effective during an acute asthma attack.
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50. Which medication is most effective for patients with chronic - Apratropium (Atrovent). 51. What is the treatment of choice for recurrent herpes simplex virus type 2 infection? - ORAL acyclovir 52. What is the most appropriate treatment for a patient with a history of rheumatic fever and resultant valvular disease who is about to undergo a dental procedure, and who has no known drug allergies? - Amoxicillin (Amoxil). 53. What antimicrobial agent would be appropriate to prescribe in a 65-year old patient who presents with a past medical history of coronary artery disease, a 101F temperature, and tachypnea of 24 breaths per minute. Chest X-ray confirms a left lower lobe pneumonia. - Levofloxacin (Levaquin). 54. What is the most appropriate intervention for an 8-yr old sent home from school with mucopululent discharge from his eye and suspected bacterial conjunctivitis? - Bacitracin/polymyxin (Polysporin) opthalmic solution for 7-10 days. 55. Which class of drugs should NOT be used to treat COPD? - Leukotriene inhibitors, such as Zafirlukast (Aaccolate). 56. How do antiprostaglandin drugs cause stomach mucosal injury?
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- they alter the thickness of the protective mucosal layer. 57. What do gastric parietal cells produce? - Hydrochloric acid 58. Which medication does NOT increase the incidence of constipation in an older adult? - Coumadin 59. How do Diphenoxylate (Lomotil) and Loperamide (Imodium) help relieve diarrhea? - They decrease the motility of the ileum and colon, slowing the transit time and promoting more water absorption.
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