You can embarrass PMgovernment about action or inaction of government o Up to

You can embarrass pmgovernment about action or

This preview shows page 7 - 10 out of 19 pages.

- You can embarrass PM/government about action or inaction of government o Up to PM to fire ministers, and they would rather just switch/shuffle their position than fire o Will only be fired in case of great embarrassment - Constitutional conventions must have widespread agreement the government has to provide a unified face and a voice to the house. part of the adversarial nature of these politics. Policy may not be made by cabinet there is a dilution of ministerial responsibility- they are less constitutional and more political power of the prime minister to fire a minister but the PM does not like to fire ministers. CABINET FUNCTIONS - Fusion of legislature and executive o Cabinet minister must be a member of parliament, but no necessarily when elected o Cases where someone has been appointed minister, by-election held, appointee defeated, their career finished
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o Inter-governmental relations have become vital part of federal system o Can be a minister and not part of the HoC - Cabinet size gradually growing o Increased representation o Have to keep major rivals in cabinet, which adds to size o Impacts roles as decision-making body o Merit is not primary qualification Difficult to agree when everyone has ideas and wants to talk Don’t need expertise on department Not all perfect for role because they have to represent certain groups - Representation o Every province must have MP o Larger provinces must have more representatives Alberta: Calgary and Edmonton must have representatives o Religion used to play large role French vs. English (Protestant vs. Catholic) o Over time, non-territorial interests became relevant First non-traditional ethnic group 1958 Ukrainian that had to change/anglicize his last name First people of colour 1979 First aboriginals and Asians after 1980 - Need for representation has reduced the role of cabinet as decision-making process o Cabinet supposed to be the policy-making organ of government, at the center of gravity Overstated, not everything is brought to the Cabinet Assumption that it is collective body, PM is supposed to be first among equals Historically, PM is not equal Seldom does cabinet control government policy on a continuous basis o the need for cabinet to be representative leads to frictions with the other functions of cabinet and has reduced the role of cabinet. - 4 major functions o Coordinate and oversee government policy Makes sure there is agreement This is not done by cabinet, but by PM, PMO, and PCO o Collectively resolves disagreements between governmental departments Also done by PM, PMO, PCO o Plans business of HOC Largely done by cabinet committee, heavily influenced by PM and advisors o Ratifies decisions made elsewhere Not making decisions themselves, but giving assent to others
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Decisions made by committees, PM, PM and individual ministers, PM and informal advisors, and occasionally by individual ministers who did not bring it up with the PM beforehand
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