Once a soldier was promoted the color of their skin

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 3 pages.

and $3 for clothes (227). Once a soldier was promoted, the color of their skin would determine compensation despite experience or battle achievements. However, both black soldiers and white abolitionists protested this, so in 1864 equal pay was granted to black soldiers by the War Department.
Newly enlisted blacks were given stationed assignments that helped fill the draft quota. “Black troops, called United States Colored Troops in order to distinguish them from white units, were organized into regiments of light and heavy artillery, cavalry, infantry, and engineers” (220). During the Civil War colored troops were used as cannon fodder and placed on the frontlines with little to no support from medical teams or shielding units of the Union army. Black troops had a high mortality rate due to the “excessive fatigue details, poor equipment, bad medical care, the recklessness and haste with which they were sent into battle, and the Confederates’ “no quarter” policy” (227). They were given old, not as well maintained weapons, and limited armor to use in battle. If injured, colored troops were passed over or ignored by medical teams, given barely any bandages, and/or medication. Additionally, some assignments were race specific because certain job types were much more dangerous than others; hence, the most laboring assignments were distributed to black units and runaway slaves. An example of

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture