Are currently available or under development for new

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are currently available or under development for, New commercial construction and major renovation projects as well as many other project typologies. The aspects of GFRC which make it a green material include its composition of natural materials such as sand, and other aggregates. Also, the inclusion of recycled content gives the design team to specify this material and garner LEED points for their projects.
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WMCAUS 2018 IOP Conf. Series: Materials Science and Engineering 471 (2019) 082054 IOP Publishing doi:10.1088/1757-899X/471/8/082054 5 Advantages of GFRC for Green Building: GFRC has low toxicity raw materials: Cement, sand, glass fibres and water Durable, long lasting materials reduce replacement, maintenance and repair GFRC can be supplied prefinished to eliminate VOC’s during painting GFRC is non-combustible and meets ASTM E136 Can meet hurricane resistance of Miami Dade Large Missile Impact and Small Missile Impact Lightweight GFRC panels use 80% less material than precast Lightweight GFRC panels reduces fuel and costs of transportation 2.5. Zaha Hadid’s architecture based on GFRC materials. Zaha Hadid is considered one of the architects, who successfully followed Frank Lloyd Wright’s postulates of ‘organic architecture’ philosophy. Her works evolved from fragmented distorted explosive forms with flying beams and anti-gravitational masses towards more smooth, curvy lines that twist in complexity and give the feeling of fluidity. By the time of GRFC materials expansion and its development, Zaha was aware of the opportunities this certain component offers and started to use it on many fields in her projects. Figure 1. Heydar Aliyev Center, main entrance, Hufton & Crow [6] Organic architecture is characterized by several main features, which at the same time are possible to be fulfilled only by the use of GFRC materials:
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WMCAUS 2018 IOP Conf. Series: Materials Science and Engineering 471 (2019) 082054 IOP Publishing doi:10.1088/1757-899X/471/8/082054 6 Complex Curvilinearity – the effect of fluidity is achievable by the use of curves. It’s crucial to express the impression of sketch or drawing and keep the complexity and randomness in the project. Dynamic Fluidity – buildings are intended to be in relation with humans and should have the sense of motion. Coherent Integration – could be monitored between the concept and mass, between the building and the site and between the exterior and interior. The landscape is an essential part of the design of the building. It is an extension of the interior lines and complements with the masses. [5] Parametricism Elegance and Balance Taking analogies from nature – the architecture should be connected with nature, whether in the form of imitation or inspiration.
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  • Fall '19
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