The Scheduled and Tribal Areas XI 245 to 263 Relations between the Union and the States XII 264 to 300 - A Finance, Property, Contracts, and Suits XIII 301 to 307 Trade, Commerce and Intercourse within the Territory of India XIV 308 to 323 Services under the Union and the States XIV - A 323 - A to 323 - B Tribunals XV 324 to 329 - A Elections XVI 330 to 342 Special Provisions relating to Certain Classes XVII 343 to 351 Official Language XVIII 352 to 360 Emergency Provisions XIX 361 to 367 Miscellaneous XX 368 Amendment of the Constitution XXI 369 to 392 Temporary, Transitional and Special Provisions XXII 393 to 395 Short title, Commencement, Authoritative Text in Hindi and Repeals Organs of the State There are 3 organs of the State; Legislature, Executive, and JudiciaryoLegislature: They are responsible for making new lawsoExecutive: They implement the lawsoJudiciary: This include all the court system in the country and they provide justice
Union ExecutiveIt consists of the President of India, Vice-President, Prime Minister, Council of Ministers, and AttorneyGeneral of IndiaI.President of India President of India is the head of the State as wells as part of both Union Executive and theParliament Qualification for election as President:1.Should be a citizen of India2.Should have completed 35 years of age3.Should be qualified for election as a member of the Lok Sabha4.Shouldn’t hold any office of profitElection:Indirectly elected by an electoral college consisting of;1.the elected members of both the houses of Parliament2.the elected members of the legislative assemblies of the states and,3.the elected members of the legislative assemblies of the Union Territories of Delhi andPuducherryTerm of Officeis 5 yearsImpeachment: It is the process of removing the President from his office. And impeachmentcan be initiated only in the case of ‘violation of the Constitution’Important Powers and Functions of the President:1.All executive actions of the Govt. of India are taken in his name and he is the SupremeCommander of the defence forces2.Appoints the Council of ministers, Attorney General of India, Comptroller and AuditorGeneral of India, Chief Election Commissioner, Chairman and other members of FinanceCommission, Chief Justice and other judges of Supreme Court and High Court.3.Nominates 12 members to Rajya Sabha from literature, Art, Science, and Social Service;and 2 members to Lok Sabha from Anglo Indian community4.President can promulgate ordinance when the Parliament is not in session5.Money bill can be introduced in the Parliament only with his prior recommendation6.President of India also enjoys 3 types of Veto Power over the bills passed by theParliament. They are,a.Absolute Vetob.Suspensive Veto andc.Pocket Veto.