midterm review - final copy

A few women wrote poems to their knights o by

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a few women wrote poems to their knights o by contrast, the ladies’ poetry is personal one poem is by a woman addressed to another woman o the first example of lesbian literature since Sappho 6. the rise of the burghers these people were marginal to feudalism; they didn’t fit in they clustered around the noble courts they were money changers, traders, university professors, doctors, artisans, etc. they weren’t serfs, nor were they knights where did they come from? o serfs could gain their freedom if they ran away and weren’t caught for a year and a day o a lot of landless knights probably lost noble status o together, the disaffected of these two classes probably became the new burghers
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Week 4 o over the centuries, the burgher class grew and became prosperous 7. romantic love as they became wealthy, they wanted to become refined like the nobles o a big aspect of refinement was courtly love o the burghers gradually adopted courtly love conventions, but tried to apply them within marriage o marriage would be based on romance, jealousy, etc. o completely opposite to the medieval understandings of both marriage and courtly love o burgher fantasies harkened back to noble traditions the knight in shining armor and the lady on a pedestal are still with us today o by the 20 th century, even workers aspired to marry and to base their marriages on romantic love 8. characteristics of post-feudal, pre-industrial society the burghers eventually overthrow the aristocracy and take power in Europe and North America o the Glorious Revolution in England (1688) o the American Revolution (1776) o the French Revolution (1789) production-oriented merchant capitalism o era of colonization, family farming and plantations, beginning of cotton mills o families made things for consumption and for sale small scale business and artisans emphasis on procreative sexuality o high birth rates and death rates o strict gender segregation
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Week 4 o focus on vaginal intercourse in the dark, with clothes on o bilateral kinship network o sexual relations between men and women had no special name apart from the type of relationship (i.e. marriage, mistress, prostitution) it wasn’t a key to your innermost self it didn’t make you a member of a group (straights) as opposed to another group (gays) the word “heterosexuality” was invented around 1870 9. how society changed as a result of industrialization starting in England and France, changed from hand production to mechanized production cotton mills American turned into an industrial state by the Civil War 1865 to WWI o in England this is referred to as the Victorian Era o era of rapid industrialization, mechanization o creation of large urban middle and working classes o men began to leave home for the office and factor, bourgeois women and children were left behind in the home o the family was privatized, meaning it was supposed to be a “haven in a heartless world” of capitalist expansion o
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