physical injuryUltrasound Imaging (sonography):involves the pulsation of harmless sound waves throughout the body, producing echoes that can be detected by a probe and interpretedby a computerSigns and Symptoms of the Integumentary System:Abrasion:injury to the skin caused by scraping that produces a superficial woundAbscess:a localized elevation of the skin containing a cavity, which is a sign of a local infectionAcne:presence of numerous open and closed comedonesActinic Keratosis:precancerous condition of the skin caused by exposure to sunlight Albinism:genetic condition characterized by the reduction of the pigment melanin in theskin Alopecia:loss or lack of scalp hair; clinical sign of baldnessCarbuncle:skin infection composed of a cluster of boils; “staph”Carcinoma:cancerous tumor; “black”Cellulite:local uneven surface of the skin and is a sign of subcutaneous fat deposit
Cellulitis:an inflammation of the connective tissue in the dermisCicatrix:scar tissueComedo:“pimple”Contusion:“bruise”Cyanosis:blue tinge of color to an area of the skin; sign of a cardiovascular or respiratorydisturbance.Cyst:closed sac or pouch on the surface of the skin that is filled with liquid or semisolid materialDermatitis:generalized inflammation of the skin involving edema of the dermisEcchymosis:condition of the skin caused by leaking blood vessels in the dermis, producing purplish patches of purpuraEczema (atopic dermatitis):includes severe, chronic pruritus and deep scalinessEdema:fluid accumulation causing swellingErythema:redness of the skin; common sign of injury or infectionFissure:narrow break or slit in the skinFolliculitis:inflammation of little folliclesFuruncle:an abscess associated with a hair follicle causing a local swelling on the skinHerpes:a viral eruption producing clusters of deep blistersHyperhidrosis:condition in which the individual sweats often and more than the normal amountImpetigo:contagious skin infection with presence of golden crustsInduration:local hard area on the skinJaundice:yellowish-coloration of the skinKaposi’s Sarcoma:form of skin cancer arising from the connective tissue of the dermis – brown or purple patches on the skin and appears in some elderly patientsKeloid:elevated lesion of the skin caused by an overgrowth of scar tissueLaceration:result of an injury caused by a tear or cut by a sharp object with an irregular surfaceLeukoderma:condition where the skin becomes lighter due to the reduced activity of melanocytes (usually as people age)Macule:a discolored flat spot on the skin surface such as a freckleMelanoma:“black tumor”Nevus:pigmented spot on the skin commonly called a moleOnychocryptosis:a condition in which a nail becomes buried in the skin due to abnormalgrowth; “ingrown toenail”Onychomalacia:condition in which nails are abnormally softOnychomycosis:fungal infection of one or more nailsPallor:
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- Spring '08
- Medical Terminology Unit 1