Paul was recently attacked when he was walking home

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Paul was recently attacked when he was walking home from a bar. Jenna believes that Paul must have done something to deserve or provoke the attack. Jenna’s explanation is an example of the a. actor/observer bias. b. fundamental attribution error. c. self-fulfilling prophecy. d. just world hypothesis . ANS: D DIF: Difficult OBJ: 11.1c MSC: Applying NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology 22. Inga is participating in a debate. In reviewing her performance, Inga will most likely attribute her own errors to __________ and her opponent’s errors to __________. a. lack of preparation; having the flu b. lack of preparation; noise from the crowd c. noise from the crowd; having the flu d. noise from the crowd; lack of preparation ANS: D DIF: Difficult OBJ: 11.1c MSC: Applying NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology 23. Negative feelings, opinions, and beliefs associated with a stereotype are known as a. discrimination. b. prejudice. c. the ingroup/outgroup bias. d. the fundamental attribution error. ANS: B DIF: Easy OBJ: 11.1d MSC: Remembering NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology 24. To create hostility and prejudice between the two groups of boys in his study, Sherif a. had the groups compete with each other. b. told each group negative things about the other group. c. started a fight between members of the two groups. d. clearly favored one group over the other. ANS: A DIF: Moderate OBJ: 11.1d MSC: Remembering NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology 25. Ms. Parsons teaches in a jigsaw classroom. Her students are most likely to a. form new groups with classmates from within and outside their group. b. compete with classmates within their group. c. cooperate with classmates both within and outside their group. d. be prejudiced against classmates from outside their group. ANS: C DIF: Moderate OBJ: 11.1d MSC: Remembering NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology | APA Goal 5, Professional Development
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26. Hal is a police officer who believes that all elderly people are bad drivers. He issues tickets to a lot of elderly drivers. The way that Hal unfairly targets and punishes elderly drivers is best described as a. subtyping. b. prejudice. c. stereotyping. d. discrimination. ANS: D DIF: Moderate OBJ: 11.1d MSC: Understanding NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology 27. Lucia is an engineering student. According to ingroup/outgroup bias she most likely believes other engineering students are __________ and liberal arts students are __________. a. unique individuals; very similar to each other b. unique individuals; unique individuals c. very similar to each other; very similar to each other d. very similar to each other; unique individuals ANS: A DIF: Moderate OBJ: 11.1d MSC: Understanding NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology | APA Goal 3, Ethical and Social Responsibility in a Diverse World 28. Selena thinks that all computer programmers are antisocial and boring. When she meets Mark, a computer programmer, she immediately decides that she does not like him. Selena’s beliefs are __________, and not liking Mark is __________.
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