Emphasising ethical practices Establishing balanced organisational controls Institutional leadership A model closely related to the strategic-based model is that of institutional leadership. A special kind of leadership that appears to be critical during periods of discontinuous organisational change. Nadler et al. identify four different types of change that can occur within the organisation. Tuning. Here organisations initiate incremental change in anticipation of environmental events. There is thus no immediate need for change. Nadler et al., this type of change maintains or enhances the fit between strategy and organisation. Adaptation. While tuning is initiated internally and is proactive in nature, adaptation takes place as a result of external conditions and is reactive in nature. Reorientation. Here the company initiates change as a result of an emerging environmental shift that is perceived. This will involve redefining the company's identity, vision, and mission.
By Prof Tackura Mudyano: MCom HRM (UNISA), BCom Honours Business Management (UNISA), BCom Human Resource Management (UNISA) _ 2017_ Associate Lecturer: Strategic Management, HR management, Department of Human Resource management (UNISA)-Contact number: 078 717 3916 Email:[email protected] Page 33 Recreation. As companies do not always have visionary leaders, they a sometimes caught unawares regard certain changes that are taking place. Nadler et al. suggest that for success under these circumstances, two types of leadership are required, one ‘heroic1 and the other 'instrumental'. A heroic leader will excite the employees, shape their aspirations, and direct their energy, An instrumental leader will make sure that the individuals throughout the organisation do indeed behave in ways needed for the change to occur. Best option is to extend the leader ship role beyond the individual leader - create institutionalised leadership. Also suggest extending the leadership to at least three groups – - E-leadership approach Can be defined as a social influence process mediated by advanced IT systems to produce a change in attitudes, feelings, thinking, behavior and performance with individuals groups and organizations. It can occur at any hierarchical level and can involve both one-to-one and one- to-many interactions within and across large units and organisations. This leadership approach operates within the context of advanced information technology (AIT) Systems which can be used for this purpose include: e-mail systems, message boards, groupware, group-support systems, knowledge-management systems, executive-information systems Technologies can help leaders scan, plan, decide, disseminate, and control information within the organisation. Techniques for leadership training and development
By Prof Tackura Mudyano: MCom HRM (UNISA), BCom Honours Business Management (UNISA), BCom Human Resource Management (UNISA) _ 2017_ Associate Lecturer: Strategic Management, HR management, Department of Human Resource management (UNISA)-Contact number: 078 717 3916 Email:[email protected]
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