In 1943 conscription into the armed forces in Australias overseas territories

In 1943 conscription into the armed forces in

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In 1943, conscription into the armed forces in Australia’s overseas territories including New Guinea and the Solomon Islands was introduced with little opposition. Because of the real threat of Japanese invasion, the issue of conscription was much less divisive than it had been during World War I. Source 2.79 Australian Army, Rising Sun Badge from 1942 Source 2.80 Australian POWs in a Japanese prison camp at the end of the war (AWM 019199) In Australia, as with the other nations involved in World War II, total war meant that both servicemen and civilians became part of the war effort. From early 1942, when the war came close to Australia’s shores, all aspects of the Australian economy were focused on the war effort. ‘Luxury’ industries like furniture making were disbanded, and men involved in ‘critical’ war-related industries were not allowed to enlist. The USA made Australia its main base for the South-West Pacific and up to one million American servicemen were based in Australia. The economy was geared to meet the needs of these soldiers as well as supporting the Australian forces and maintaining the war effort. Prisoners of war Australian service personnel were captured by the enemy in all the major areas of war. Roughly 8184 Australians were held as prisoners of war ( POWs ) in German and Italian camps. Of these, 269 died. These men had largely been captured in Greece and North Africa, while many members of the RAAF had been shot down in bombing raids over Germany and captured. Most Australian POWs in Europe were imprisoned in specific POW camps in decent conditions. Nine Australians were, however, among a group of 168 Allied pilots shot down over France and imprisoned in the Buchenwald concentration camp. SAMPLE
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110 oxford big ideas history 10: australian curriculum 111 chapter two world war II (1939–1945) Propaganda Closely related to censorship was propaganda . Throughout the war, newspapers, radio, posters and other forms of mass communication (like the short newsreels shown before feature films in cinemas) encouraged people to think and act in particular ways. This was viewed as a technique for maintaining morale. The way in which the bombing of Darwin and the ‘Battle of Brisbane’ were reported might be described as propaganda because of how the government influenced the news. Sometimes propaganda was very much like advertising that encouraged Australians to support the war effort. Posters encouraged people to enlist in the armed forces (see Source 2.86) , or reminded them that their everyday efforts were an important part of war. There were also newsreels aimed specifically at women, encouraging them to enlist in the auxiliary forces or to make sacrifices for the war effort. There was also a more sinister aspect to some forms of propaganda, such as posters that used prejudicial stereotypes of the Germans or Japanese to ensure that Australians remained supportive of the war (see Source 2.88).
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