70%(20)14 out of 20 people found this document helpful
This preview shows page 158 - 159 out of 635 pages.
Evaluating Your SourcesEvaluating Your SourcesOne aspect of Internet research that cannot be emphasized enough is the abundance of online information thatis incomplete, outdated, misleading, or downright false. Anyone can put up a Web site; once it is up, the ownermay or may not enter updates or corrections on a regular basis. Anyone can write a blog on any subject,whether or not that person actually has any expertise on that subject. Anyone who wishes to contribute to aWikipedia article can do so—although the postings are moderated by editors who have to register and submit theirqualifications. In the United States, the First Amendment of the Constitution guarantees freedom of expression.This freedom is restricted by laws prohibiting libel (false accusations against a person) and indecency, especiallychild pornography, but those laws are limited in scope and sometimes difficult to enforce. Therefore, it is alwaysimportant to look beyond the surface of a site to assess who sponsors it, where the information displayed camefrom, and whether the site owner has a certain agenda.When you write for business and industry you will want to draw on reputable, reliable sources—printed as wellas electronic ones—because they reflect on the credibility of the message and the messenger. Analyzing andassessing information is an important skill in the preparation of writing, and here are six main points to considerwhen evaluating a document, presentation, or similar source of information1. In general, documents that representquality reasoning have the following traits:•A clearly articulated purpose and goal•A question, problem, or issue to address•Information, data, and evidence that is clearly relevant to the stated purpose and goals•Inferences or interpretations that lead to conclusions based on the presented information, data, and evidence•A frame of reference or point of view that is clearly articulated•Assumptions, concepts, and ideas that are clearly articulatedAn additional question that is central to your assessment of your sources is how credible the source is. Thisquestion is difficult to address even with years of training and expertise. You may have heard of academic fieldscalled “disciplines,” but may not have heard of each field’s professors called “disciples.” Believers, keepersof wisdom, and teachers of tomorrow’s teachers have long played a valuable role establishing, maintaining,and perpetuating credibility. Academics have long cultivated an understood acceptance of the role of objective,impartial use of the scientific method to determine validity and reliability. But as research is increasinglydependent on funding, and funding often brings specific points of view and agendas with it, pure research canbe—and has been—compromised. You can no longer simply assume that “studies show” something withoutawareness of who conducted the study, how was it conducted, and who funded the effort. This may sound like alot of investigation and present quite a challenge, but again it is worth the effort.