However with sustainability is focusses on the future

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However, with sustainability is focusses on the future so how they canstretch their resources and how they can get security for the future.There is also a difference in the objective/drive. With CSR it is driven bythe need to improve and protect the company’s reputation in marketsthey have already penetrated and developed, whereas sustainability isdriven by the need to create opportunities in emerging markets.4Governments play a big role in encouraging and sometimesdiscouraging responsible enterprises. The role of government is tosimply make the rules and to enforce and make sure those rules arefollowed. They do this by using tools such as laws, legislation,regulations, taxations and incentives. When that happens it forcescompanies to be more innovative and encourages them to be morecompetitive which increases new market opportunities and moreengaged in trying to be sustainable (Porter and Van der Linde 1995).There are multiple levels of government, including local, regional,national and global. Focusing on a national level, we can see that theUK government have attempted to encourage more responsibleenterprise with regards to Goal 2, for example, there is pendinglegislation to ban people from wasting food in Britain. This has led to theUK’s first food waste supermarket being opened where customers can‘pay what they feel’ which helps those families who are struggling to feedtheir children as they have little to no money which links to the UN goal 2as it is helping eradicate food deprivation (Sheffield, 2016). However,studies of the UK suggest that the UK created more food waste than anyother country in the EU, dumping 14,000,000 tonnes of waste a year andthe least ethical supermarket and a big contributor to that figure wasAsda (Independent, 2016).Consequently, governments need to make sure they enforce theselegislations by creating incentives or taxes on big corporations such asAsda and citizens to encourage them to be more conscious. Forexample, in Scotland they now have tighter regulations on food waste sobusinesses producing more than 5kgs of food waste per weeks nowhave to present the material separately for collection and if companiesdo not meet the requirements they then get a fine of £300 and repeatoffenders can face up to £10,000 in penalties (letsrecycle.com, 2016).
These tactics have certainly worked as companies have started to bemore ethical when it comes to waste purely out of the fear of gettingfines but some laws/legislations have inhibited the achievement of goal2. With all the cuts to the welfare system and peoples benefits it meansthat families have very little income and no money to buy food so theyhave to turn to food banks. NHS statistics show that the number ofpeople admitted to hospital diagnosed with malnutrition had risen morethan 50% in the last 4 years (NHS, 2015).

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Term
Spring
Professor
ProfessorJungBow
Tags
Management, United Nations, Business Ethics, Wind, Corporate social responsibility

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