II King Cotton or Cotton Kingdom A Cotton was an extremely important cash crop

Ii king cotton or cotton kingdom a cotton was an

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II. King Cotton or Cotton Kingdom A. Cotton was an extremely important cash crop during the time 1. sparked the industrial revolution and the economic development that followed A. Eli Whitney 1. Inventor of the cotton gin and interchangeable parts 2. His invention spawned the industrial revolutions, fueling the economies of both the North and the South a) The cotton gin introduced new levels of efficiency into the harvesting process B. Cotton gin made cotton very profitable C. South began to produce 75% of the world’s cotton D. Industry was based on the institution of slavery E. Slavery became the driving force behind the production and profitability of cotton III. Arguments for slavery B. Economic Benefits 1. Helped the south and their plantations increase productivity a) Helped the country’s economy overall
Why did others want to abolish it? How did slaves participate in the abolishment efforts? Who participated? a) Particularly with increased demand for Cotton, If there were not slaves the supply couldn't keep up with the demand A. Social Arguments 1. Southerners justified slavery because it was in the Bible and had existed throughout history 2. People feared violent bloodshed and uprising if the slaves were released into society I. Anti-Slavery movement A. Movement (particularly in the North) to abolish slavery 1. People began writing abolition newspapers and journals 2. Anti-slavery lectures were held throughout the US 3. Slaves and Whites worked together 4. Created tension between Pro-slave south and Anti- slave north A. Slave rebellions 1. Instances of revolt of the captive slaves against their owners, protesting slavery and their unjust treatment 1. Prosper a) Slave in Richmond who organized an uprising (1) Planned to kill all whites except Methodists, Frenchmen, and Quakers (2) Slaves rose up against their masters (ratio of 4 to 1, black to white) (3) After the killings, Prosser planned for 300,000 slaves to join the rebellion and go for more (4) The rebellion was quickly put to an end by the Virginia Militia 2. Denmark Vesey a) Slave in South Carolina who planned to seize local armories, arm the slave population, and take possession of the city (1) No bloodshed or violence occurred (2) attempt agitated Southern plantation owners and made them fear the revolt of their slaves 3. Nat Turner a) Intelligent religious slave who lead the most violent slave uprising in history (1831) (1) Claimed he had visions from God telling him to revolt
What were some ways to get rid of slavery in the US? How did people help the slaves? Who fought for the abolishment of slavery? (1) Recruited dozens of slaves in an attempt to eradicate slavery (2) Went from plantation to plantation and oversaw the killing of around 60 whites (3) Rebels were found and executed, including some blacks who were not associated with the crime (4) Nat Turner was the last to be found and executed (5) increased the South’s fear of uprising from he angry slaves A. American Colonization Society 1. Abolitionist organization founded in 1817 a)

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