Plasma the colorless fluid part of blood lymph or

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Plasma- the colorless fluid part of blood, lymph, or milk, in which corpuscles or fat globules are suspended. RBC- Hemoglobin is the protein inside red blood cells that carries oxygen. Red blood cells also remove carbon dioxide from your body, transporting it to the lungs for you to exhale. Red blood cells are made inside your bones, in the bone marrow. They typically live for about 120 days, and then they die. (eurythrocyte) WBC- White blood cells (WBCs), also called leukocytes or leucocytes, are the cells of the immune system that are involved in protecting the body against both infectious disease and foreign invaders. Interstitial- Interstitial fluid, a solution that bathes and surrounds the cells of multicellular animals. Intracellular - the fluid within cells ( intracellular fluid ) Extracellular - the fluid outside the cell (extracellular fluid ). Cytoplasm - The jellylike material that makes up much of a cell inside the cell membrane, and, in eukaryotic cells, surrounds the nucleus. Nucleoplasm - the substance of a cell nucleus, especially that not forming part of a nucleolus
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Sarcoplasm - the cytoplasm of striated muscle cells. Pinocytosis - the transport of fluid into a cell by means of local infoldings by the cell membrane so that a tiny vesicle or sac forms around each droplet, which is then taken into the interior of the cytoplasm Phagocytosis - is the process by which a cell—often a phagocyte or a protist—engulfs a solid particle to form an internal compartment known as a phagosome. Endocytosis – is a form of bulk transport in which a cell transports molecules (such as proteins) into the cell Exocytosis - vesicles are carried to the cell membrane, and their contents (i.e., water-soluble molecules) are secreted into the extracellular environment. Hyperplasia - the enlargement of an organ or tissue caused by an increase in the reproduction rate of its cells, often as an initial stage in the development of cancer. (cells multiply) Hypertrophy - is the increase in the volume of an organ or tissue due to the enlargement of its component cells. It is distinguished from hyperplasia, in which the cells remain approximately the same size but increase in number. (cells get bigger) Parts of a Cell Plasma Membrane/ Cell Membrane Structure- a bilipid membraneous layer composed of proteins and carbohydrates. It is fluid like. Function - the cell membrane separates the cell from its external environment, and is selectively permeable (controls what gets in and out). It protects the cell and provides stability. Proteins are found embedded within the plasma membrane, with some extending all the way through in order to transport materials. Carbohydrates are attached to proteins and lipids on the outer lipid layer.
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Cytoplasm Structure - The jelly-like substance composed of mainly water and found between the cell membrane and nucleus. The cytoplasm makes up most of the "body" of a cell and is constantly streaming.
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  • Spring '08
  • Mihai

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