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In 2016, an estimated 246,660 new cases of invasive breast cancer are expected to be diagnosed in women in the U.S., along with 61,000 new cases of non-invasivebreast cancer(Breast Cancer.org, 2016)
Age Onset for Breast CancerThe oldera woman is, the more likelyshe is to get breast cancer.Rates of breast cancer are low in women under 40. Fewer than 5 percent of women diagnosed with breast cancer in the U.S. are younger than 40.Rates begin to increaseafterage 40and are highest in women over age 70.The median age of diagnosis of breast cancer for women in the U.S. is 62. However, the median age of diagnosis varies by race and ethnicity.(Susan G. Komen Foundation, 2016)
Risk Factors and Causes of Breast CancerBreast cancer can be inherited, but that only accounts for 15% of cases. 85% of breast cancer cases are reported as sporadic (non-heredity). Dealing with breast cancer depends on the patients hormonal and reproductive history. This includes:*Exposure to estrogens*Later pregnancies**Menstruation at an early ageJanet Jackson, 50, pregnant with her first child
Detection and Diagnosis of Breast CancerScreening ExamsThe doctor will examine for lumps or suspicious areas in the breasts and lymph nodes located in the arm pit and collarbone areas. Image TestsThe doctor will also use technology to get closer look inside the breast.*Mammograms*Breast Ultrasound*MRI*DuctogramIf a patient has done a self-breast exam and has fears there is an abnormality, the patient should seek medical attention immediately.(Cancer.org, 2016)
Detection and Diagnosis of Breast CancerTo secure a diagnosis, the doctor will preform a biopsy, which is a surgery to retrieve a piece of the mass that has been detected. Depending on the results of the biopsy, the doctor will then discuss what treatments with the patient. These could include:*Additional Surgery*Chemotherapy*Radiation(Cancer.org, 2016)
Metastasis and Breast CancerMetastasis is the development of secondary cancerous growths which is at a near distance to the original area the cancer was detected. Cancer cells usually spread through the bloodstream or the lymph system.