preferred over public corporal punishment Reza builds prisons and puts up

Preferred over public corporal punishment reza builds

This preview shows page 8 - 11 out of 21 pages.

preferred over public, corporal punishment -Reza builds prisons and puts up statues of himself and renames things after himself. He tears down old buildings. -Other urban developments like playgrounds, cinemas, etc. -All these reforms bring mixed opinion -Some see Westernization, introduction of modern amenities, development, law -Some see corruption, lack of authenticity, police state -Much of opposition comes from young intelligentsia and young professionals who studied in Europe and were influenced from the left The Coup by Abrahamiam
Image of page 8
-1953 coup by the US which takes out Mossadeq and reinstalls the Shah -1951-53 oil crisis between Iran and Britain -1951 Mossadeq elected premier with clear goal of nationalizing British owned Anglo-Iranian Oil Company -US wants to be honest broker lmao -Many try to fit this conflict in a cold war context...show that the US was really concerned about Iran falling behind Iron Curtain -Mossadeq’s refusal making country susceptible to communism...encourage Britain to accept and not invade until Truman comes to power -Oil is at stake...US is not neutral -This author sees it more as conflict between imperialism and nationalism, First and Third World, global north and south, developing/exporting raw materials versus developed -US and Britain not worried about communism but effects of oil nationalization -1901 D’Arcy Concession .... 50,000 and some shareholder money for all petroleum in the country and promise to return 16 percent of revenues -Oil struck in 1908 and he sells to Burmah Oil Company (eventually anglo-persian oil company APOC) -Company is mad sketchy, exploits Iran, sells to British army/ US at discount rate, bring in labor from India and Palestine to keep Iranians from moving up -Racism and segregation -Oil as a curse rather than a blessing -1929 strike...8 hour day, better wages and housing, union rights, equal pay and holidays -Martial law...lots of arrests and 500 fired -1946 it breaks out again -More demands including cry for nationalization -65,000 join in -Also ends in martial law and mass arrests but strike gets raised min wage and Friday pay -Iran is a pawn in the “Great Game” of imperialist ambitions from Russia and England -Policy of positive equilibrium...grant each side parallel trading privileges, economic concessions, political influence...starting in 1820 -Leads to distrust of both powers -1907 Anglo-Russian Agreement carves up Iran into zones of influence (British in southwest and Russians in north) -Iranians pissed...from outside view it appears Britain seen as enemy and Russia as potential friend -People are suspicious English have a hand in everything...Shah comes to power and scraps 1919 Anglo-Persian agreement and signs neutrality treaty with Soviets -1932 cancels D’Arcy Concession
Image of page 9
-Shah often seen as British agent especially because British funded his coup and new deal is good for British -In return, Iranians get more people in company, gave back territory -Nationalizing comes about during time of deep distrust of British and Shah -Shah abdicates and Britain has even greater role in Iranian life
Image of page 10
Image of page 11

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 21 pages?

  • Spring '16
  • stephen kinzer
  • Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Reza Shah, Pahlavi dynasty

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes