criminal activities cut across the four but the difference is the basis of description. “The common law basis for this description is custom. The civil law as well as the socialist law bases their description on the written code. The religious law bases its description on religious documents and doctrines.” (Criminology) Each law has its own way of implementing the substantive law and the difference come from the ways this is carried out. Within common law, judges apply the written law into specific cases finding the most suitable decision through rational reasoning; whereas, common law follows theory of particularization in procedural law. The socialist law is implemented in the same way as the civil law is and religious law is divine law as it is implemented by religious leaders. (Criminology) Cyber Crime Cyber crimes are defined as criminal offenses committed through the internet or otherwise aided by various forms of computer technology; for example, the use of social
networks to bully others or sending sexual explicit digital photos with smart phones. Other common types of cyber crimes include hacking, online scams, fraud, and identity theft. As more and more people rely on technology, the chance of cyber crimes happening is at an all time high. Cyber crimes have impacted the way crimes are being committed in various ways such as identity theft. Today more and more people are shopping online, making it ten times easier for hacker to get their information and pretty much steal their lives. Because this is a digital crime, it is harder for investigators to retrieve the evidence needed to throw these criminals in jail as some have technology that will destroy any evidence when opened or attempted by someone other than themselves. Moreover, today, is a computer system is not secured completely, it makes it that much easier for a hacker to download one’s information. Policing Systems on a Worldwide Scale “The dynamics of international policing, much like many other dimensions of world historical processes of globalization, corroborate the viewpoint that international events have differential effects on the institutions of different nations”. (M. Deflem, 2005) Policing systems are based on the country and its government. [Different perceptions of and difficulties in international policing operations reaffirm that the various participants in cooperation efforts remain the key players in the international arena. For instance, the impact of the drug trade and of international terrorism affects nations on a global scale, but at the same time it is clear that national police systems are differently influenced by these global processes and react to them in terms of their own national repercussions.] (M. Deflem, 2005) Global Impact of Major Crimes
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- Winter '14