a study of the whole organization, considering such areas as its resources and strategy and the industry in which it operates - Needs analysis at the organizational level should be the starting point in any training intervention - Areas that are in need of improvement and may be targets for a training program - Constraints that limit the success of a training program prior to the design and delivery of the training - Successful training initiatives: in line with the organization’s overall strategy - Resources that the organization can dedicate to the training process - The budget available for training: financial constraints will influence decisions later in the training development process - The industry and environmental factors that may impact the training program
- Another major goal: establish the degree of organizational support for a training intervention - Support from the organization is vital to the success of any training program - The results of previous training intervention trainings - Results of training evaluations should feed back into the needs analysis process to ensure that training in the organization continues to build on previous success and rectified any problems noted in previous training program Job/task analysis: phase of training needs analysis directed at identifying which tasks in a job should be targeted for improved performance Process: 1.Identify the jobs that are targeted for training 2. Obtain a detailed job description that outlines the tasks, duties, and responsibilities for individuals who hold that position 3. Working with a group of job incumbents and subject-matter experts, the required tasks can be rated on their importance and frequency in the job 4. May also wish to observe a number of people performing the tasks to identify concerns or issues that were not mentioned by the subject-matter experts 5. Information can be analyzed and interpreted Can help determine the exact nature and scope of the problem to be solved Person analysis: investigate the training needs of individual employees - Individual employees’ behavior is considered to see whether performance meets desired standards - Ultimate goal is to determine who needs training - Decision can be made by comparing a person’s current performance to a desired standard or level of performance - Which individuals will be included at this stage of the analysis will be largely determined by the needs of the organization - Consultant or training director may be asked to assess those individuals who have demonstrated poor or unsafe performance in the past -
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- Fall '14
- Psychology, trainee, training program