Nehru - Toward Freedom (1936).pdf

Is all this just a passing fancy which amuses him or

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Is all this just a passing fancy which amuses him ... or is it his will to power that is driving him from crowd to crowd and making him whisper to himself, "I drew these tides of men into my hands and wrote my will across the sky in stars." What if the fancy turns? Men like Jawaharlal, with all their great capacity for great and good work, are unsafe in a democracy. He calls himself a democrat and socialist, and no doubt he does so in all earnest ness . . . but a little twist and he might turn into a dictator. He might still use the language of democracy and socialism, but we all know how fascism has fattened on this language and then cast it away as useless lumber. Jawaharlal cannot become a fascist. . . . He is too much an aristocrat for the crudity and vulgarity of fascism. His very face and voice tell us that. His face and voice are definitely private. . . . And yet he has all the makings ofa dictator in him vast popularity, a strong will, energy, pride . . . and with all his love of the crowd, an intolerance of others and a certain contempt for the weak and inefficient. His flashes of tem per are well known. His overwhelming desire to get things done, to sweep away what he dislikes and build anew, will hardly brook for long the slow processes of democracy. . . . His conceit is already formi dable. It must be checked. We want no Caesars. ... It is not through Caesarism that India will attain freedom, and though she might pros per a little under a benevolent and efficient despotism, she will remain stunted and the day of the emancipation of her people will be delayed. 434
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GLOSSARY ALUM A standard paraded at the Moharram festival and other cele brations. ASHRAMA Hermitage; a retreat for retired devotees or sages. BANIA Trader, shopkeeper; a caste. BHIKKU A Buddhist monk. CHAPPAL Leather sandal; slipper. CHARKHA Spinning wheel. COIR Stiff, elastic fiber from the coconut husk, used for making rope. DHARAMSHALA A house or shelter used for various religious and chari table purposes. GAEKWAR Title of the Maharaja, the ruling prince o Baroda. GAYATRI MANTRA A prayer for the illumination of the intellect. GHAT Landing place; steps leading down to a river. HARTAL A concerted cessation of work as a protest; noncooperation. JAGIR A grant of public revenues of a district to an administrator for personal and public use; also, the revenues, the district, or its tenure. KARZA Debt. KHADI Homespun cloth. LATHEE Heavy stick bound with iron. MAIDAN Open space or esplanade. MANTRAM A ritualistic or devotional formula. MELA A fair held in connection with a religious festival. NEWAR Tape. PANCHAYAT A communal or village court. PANDIT A learned man, a teacher, especially a Brahman versed in Hindu religion, science, and laws. PAN SUPARI Areca nut rolled in betel leaf with a little shell-lime for chewing.
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