_____ courts are divided into major and lower courts. Trial5.In _____ courts, no trials are held, no jurors are employed and no witnesses are heard.appellate6.The _____ is the most influential of the courthouse actors. prosecutor7.Crimes fall into three categories—felonies, misdemeanors, and _____.violations8.The term “_____” refers to the exchange of information prior to trial. discovery9.In felonies, bail is usually first set at the initial _____ stage of the judicial process.appearance10._____ jury review is required in all federal felony prosecutions. Grand11.Felony defendants enter a plea at the _____ stage of the judicial process.arraignment12.A trial by a judge only, without a jury is called a (n) _____ trial. bench13.The due process model focuses on the rights of the defendant (or individual)14.American government is based on the principle of ____, which distributes government power between national (usually referred to as federal) and state governments.federalism5.In Brown v. Mississippi, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that confessions obtained as a result of physical torture were inadmissible in court as they violated the essential elements of _____. due process16.For misdemeanor defendants, the initial _____ is typically the defendant’s only courtroom encounter; three out of four plead guilty and are sentenced immediately.8
ANS:appearance17.Pretrial _____ is largely limited to defendants who have committed serious crimes.detention18.The standard of proof for the prosecutor at a preliminary hearing is probable cause19.The “law in action” related to discovery is that prosecutors reveal information about their case to the defense in order to obtain a guilty plea20.The “law on the books” articulates _____ rules relating to the formal and informal exchange of information before trial. discovery1. The “law in action” represents an idealized view of law, one that stresses an abstract set of rules that fails to take real people into account– False2. The concern that criminals are set free due to technicalities, is characteristic of the ______________ policy - model crime control3. For misdemeanor defendants, the initial ____________________ is typically the defendant’s only courtroom encounter; three out of four plead guilty and are sentenced immediately - Appearance4. Most criminal cases go to trial. - False5.6. Law on the books is found in statutes; it is NOT found in the Constitution.- False7. The heritage of our law, is __________________ _________________, which is judge-made and based on precedent- Common law8. This is a court order that requires a person to take action or refrain from taking action ______________________________.-injunction9. Which justice policy model emphasizes the protection of rights of citizens and the careful consideration of each case? - due process10. Which doctrine requires a judge to decide a case applying the rule of law found in previous cases?- the doctrine of precedent11. According to our text, the Casey Anthony case was typical of criminal cases in the United States, in that she was charged with murder. False9
12. Courts most likely to be encountered by citizens – area trial courts of limited jurisdiction13. The power of a court to hear a case is its - Jurisdiction
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- Summer '19
- Supreme Court of the United States, prosecutor