Provides a framework for breaking down the development of software into four gates Gate One: Inception Gate Two: Elaboration Gate Three: Construction Gate Four: Transaction - SCRUM Methodology: o Uses small teams to produce small pieces of deliverable software using sprints, or 30 day intervals, to achieve an appointed goal o Each day ends or begins with a stand-up meeting to monitor and control the development error - Developing Successful Software o Primary Reasons for Project Failure Unclear or missing business requirements Skipping SDLC phases Failure to manage project scope • Scope creep • Feature creep Failure to manage project plan Changing technology o The later in the SDLC an error is found the more expensive it is to fix - Managing Software Development Projects o Analysts predict investment in MIS projects worldwide is over $1 trillion o 70% will be lost due to failed projects o Consequences of failed projects: Damaged brand Lost goodwill Dissolution of partnerships Lost investment opportunities Low morale o The Project Management Institute (PMI) develops procedures and concepts necessary to support the profession of project management and has 3 areas of focus Ethics: distinguishing characteristics of a practicing professional Standards: content and structure of the profession’s body of knowledge Accreditation: recognition of professional attainment
o Project: temporary activities undertaken to create a unique product or service o Project management: the application of knowledge, skills, tools, and techniques to project activities to meet project requirements o Project manager: an individual who is an expert in project planning and management, defines and develops the project plan, and tracks the plan to ensure the project is completed on time and on budget o Project Deliverable: any measureable, tangible, verifiable outcome, result or item that is produced to complete a project or part of a project o Project Milestone: represents key dates when a certain group of activities must be performed o Project Management Office (PMO): an internal department that oversees all organizational projects - The Triple Constraint o Project Management Interdependent Variables Cost Time Scope o Ben Franklin: “by failing to prepare, you prepare to fail” o 3/10 IT projects fail o 21% can’t adjust rapidly to changes o ¼ validates a business case for IT projects after completion - Project Participants o Project stakeholder: individuals and organizations actively involved in the project or whose interests might be affected as a result of project execution or project completion o Executive sponsor: the person or group who provides the financial resources for the project - Choosing Strategic Projects o 3 common techniques for selecting projects Focus on organizational goals Categorize projects Perform a financial analysis - Understanding Project Planning o
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- Spring '09
- Project Management, project manager, Project plan, Project Management Institute