S l presents four alternative theories cultural

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S-L presents four alternative theories: Cultural relativism Cultural relativists believe that people are making claims about what their own culture says that a person should do Ethical subjectivism Ethical subjectivists believe that a person is making claims about what his individual moral standards require. Expressivism Expressivists believe that the person is not making a declarative
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Intro into Ethics Professor: Jacob Affolter statement. He is expressing something. Error Theory Error theorists believe that the person is making a false or meaningless claim Division Ethical Relativism These theories hold that morality exists, but it is relative to something Nihilism Morality is a man made construct, but does not exist. No ethical moral claims or right and wrongs Reading: Introduction: Base categories for ethics Value theory: What is the good life? What is worth pursuing for its own sake. How do we improve our lot in life Normative ethics: What are our fundamental moral duties. Which character traits count as virtues, which as vices, and why. Who should our role models be. Do the ends always justify the means, or are there certain types of action that should never be done under any circumstances Metaethics: What is the status of moral claims and advice. Can ethical theories, moral principles, or specific moral verdicts be true. If so, what makes them true. Can we gain oral wisdom, if so, how. Do we always have good reason to do our moral duty. Golden Rule the principle of treating others as you want to be treated. It is a maxim that is found in many religions and cultures. It can be considered an ethic of reciprocity in some religions, although other religions treat it differently.
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  • Fall '19
  • Jacob Affolter

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