Dallas and San Antonio are the largest cities in Texas to use this form B

Dallas and san antonio are the largest cities in

  • Odessa College
  • GOVT 2306
  • Notes
  • cassec12
  • 14
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Dallas and San Antonio are the largest cities in Texas to use this form B. FUNCTIONS OF CITY GOVERNMENT 1. Cities provide a number of services for their residents, with the larger cities that possess larger financial resources, able to offer more services 2. The most important services cities provide include: fire and police protection, street maintenance and construction, water and sewage services, garbage pickup, parks and recreation, and, in larger cities, libraries, airports, hospitals, and museums C. SOURCES OF REVENUE AND MAJOR EXPENDITURES 1. Cities rely on several sources of revenue 2. Those major sources are two: the property tax and the one percent sales tax 3. User fees for services such as electricity, water, sewage, garbage collection, and swimming and golf courses are another source of revenue, providing about 21 percent of all city revenue 4. Major expenditures include: fire and police protection (typically the most important), street construction and maintenance, water, sewage, garbage pickup, and parks and recreation D. PROBLEMS OF MUNICIPALITIES 126
Texas Government 2306—Unit 12 lecture notes—Local Government 1. Low voter turnout for local elections plague many cities a. Because of off-year elections, a lack of contested races, and a lack of interest, turnout rarely exceeds 25 percent and is if often as low as 4 percent b. The lower the turnout, the more likely the high-income, non- minority, business community is dominating city politics and elections 2. White flight and economic erosion are plaguing more cities in Texas a. Typically, the larger the city, the more likely higher socioeconomic families, primarily Anglo, are leaving the inner city and moving to the suburbs b. as the white upper middle class and wealthy leave, businesses follow and the city's tax base is eroded, causing financial shortages and the reduction and /or deterioration of city services c. The extra territorial jurisdiction (ETJ) that all Texas cities have, enables large inner cities to prevent new suburban areas from incorporating and boxing them in and preventing future growth d. By allowing cities in Texas to annex unincorporated areas without the consent of the inhabitants of the area, Texas law enables central cities to expand and recapture their tax base and population as it "flees" to the outlying areas 3. The change in the method of electing city councils --from the at-large method to single-member district method (often resulting from lawsuits or threatened lawsuits by minority groups)--has produced more diverse and representative city councils, with more minorities and geographical diversity, but has led to much more divisive, contentious council meetings where arriving at a consensus seems much more difficult to achieve 4. The last problem facing many cities in Texas is financial a. Declining state and federal aid has led to less "outside revenue" coming in b. At the same time, increasing federal and state mandates have forced city governments to provide more services c.

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