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B corrections 1 categories a primary prevention b

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B. Corrections 1. Categories a. Primary Prevention b. Secondary Prevention c. Tertiary Prevention 2. Programs a. school based b. community based c. Community treatment - Using nonsecure and noninstitutional residences, counseling services, victim restitution programs, and other community services to treat juveniles in their own communities d. Community service restitution - Offenders assist some worthwhile community organization for a period of time. 3. Drug Related 4. Court Related 5. Evaluation of Programs C. Treatments 1. School based a. Positive peer culture (PPC) - Counseling program in which peer leaders b. Encourage other group members to modify their behavior and help reinforce acceptable behaviors. c. Reform schools - Institutions in which educational and psychological services are used in an effort to improve the conduct of juveniles who are forcibly detained. 2. Family based a. Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (SPCC) - First established in 1874, these organizations protected children subjected to cruelty and neglect at home or at school. b. Children’s Aid Society - Child-saving organization that took children from the streets of large cities and placed them with farm families on the prairie c. House of refuge - A care facility developed by the child savers to protect potential criminal youths by taking them off the street and providing a family-like environment. d. Foster care program - Placement of juveniles with families who provide attention, guidance, and care. e. Juvenile intensive probation supervision (JIPS) - A true alternative to incarceration that involves almost daily supervision of the juvenile by the probation officer assigned to the case. 3. Drug related 4. Correctional
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a. Aftercare- Transitional assistance to juveniles equivalent to adult parole to help youths adjust to community life. b. Balanced probation - A program that integrates community protection, accountability of the juvenile offender, competency, and individualized attention to the juvenile offender; based on the principle that juvenile offenders must accept responsibility for their behavior. c. Boot camps -Programs that combine get-tough elements with education, substance abuse treatment, and social skills training. d. milieu therapy - All aspects of the environment are part of the treatment, and meaningful change, increased growth, and satisfactory adjustment are encouraged
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