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In this case, there is no pretense that either Beso or his fiancé Yman was atthe point of death or in a remote place. Neither was there a sworn written requestmade by the contracting parties to the Judge that the marriage be solemnized outsidehis chambers or at a place other than his sala. What, in fact appears on record is thatrespondent Judge was prompted more by urgency to solemnize the marriagebecause Beso was an overseas worker.Judges who are appointed to specific jurisdiction may officiate in weddingsonly within said areas and not beyond. Where a judge solemnizes a marriage outsidehis court’s jurisdiction, there is a resultant irregularity in the formal requisites laiddown in Article 3, which while it may not affect the validity of the marriage, maysubject the officiating official to administrative liability.27 Aranes v OccianoFacts: Merceditas Aranes charged Judge Occiano with gross ignorance of the law ina letter complaint because said judge solemnized her marriage (Feb. 17, 2000) withDominador Orobia outside of his territorial jurisdiction and without the requisitemarriage license. She and Orobia relying on the ‘marriage’ lived together as husbandand wife for many years but on his death she was deprived of inheriting from himbecause their marriage was a nullity. She was likewise deprived of receiving Orobia’spension from the navy.Page 14of51
CIVREV DIGESTS – MIDTERMS (DEAN DEL CASTILLO)In his comment, the Judge said that on Feb. 15, 2000, a Juan Arroyo asked him tosolemnize the marriage between the parties on the assurance that all the necessarydocuments were complete.He agreed to conduct the wedding at Nabua becauseOrobia suffered from a stroke and couldn’t travel to Balatan. On the day of thewedding, he noticed that no marriage license was presented and he informed theparties that their marriage will be a nullity and had wanted to move the date of thewedding but out of human compassion decided to continue because the visitors werealready coming in, the delivery of provisions for the reception, the possibility of furtheraggravating Orobia’s condition (nastroke) and the parties assured him that they willgive him the license the afternoon of the same day. No license was ever delivered.Aranes later desisted upon realization that it was her fault BUT the Office of the CourtAdministrator still found the judge guilty of solemnizing a marriage without a dulyissued marriage license and for doing so outside his territorial jurisdiction and wasfined 5K.ISSUE: Whether the decision is correct?HELD: Tama! Under the Judiciary Reorganization Act of 1980, or B.P.129, theauthority of theregional trial court judges and judges of inferior courts tosolemnize marriages is confined to their territorial jurisdictionas defined by theSupreme Court. Judge Occiano only had jurisdiction to solemnize marriages inBalatan and not Nabua and he should be held administratively liable for violating thelaw on marriage. He should also be faulted for solemnizing a marriage without the
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Law, Supreme Court of the United States, Appellate court, DEAN DEL CASTILLO