Directive and supportive Development Level of Followers o Second component of

Directive and supportive development level of

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Task and relationship behaviours are known as what? Directive and supportive Development Level of Followers o Second component of SLII Model o Degree to which followers have competence and commitment necessary to accomplish a given goal or activity o Competence have they mastered the skill? o Commitment do they have a positive attitude towards the goal Development Level of Followers (cont’d) Developmen t Level Key Aspects D1 Enthusiastic Beginner Low competence, high commitment Low skills, high enthusiasm D2 Disillusioned Learner Some competence, low commitment Started to learn the job, lost some initial motivation D3 Reluctant Contributor Mod-high Competence, variable commitment Know fairly well, uncertain about goal success D4 Peak Performer High competence, high commitment High skills, high motivation You need to understand which level of D the follower has on a specific task as the theory proposes that each level should be coordinated (D1 w/ S1 and so forth) Chart on slideshow Mechanics of Situational Leadership o Developmental levels do not categorize followers o Levels should be task/goal specific o Followers fluidly move across levels o Effective leaders o Evaluate the situation/context (eg. nature of goals, follower competence and commitment) o Adjust leadership style according to the model (eg. style is dependent on situational factors) Pros and Cons of Situational Theories Pros Cons Extensively used for training leaders (marketability) It doesn’t clarify one-to-one vs. group leadership Easy to understand, intuitively sensible, and easily applied in a variety of settings Insufficient research to justify matching leadership style with development style of
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followers Reinforces unique treatment of followers based on the goal at hand and to seek opportunities to help followers learn new skills and become more confident in their work It fails to account for how certain demographic characteristics (eg. education, experience, age, gender) influence the leader-follower prescriptions to the model Emphasizes importance of leader flexibility Doesn’t make clear`` how commitment combines with competence to form distinct levels of development or why it changes Chapter 7 Path-Goal Theory Lots of questions on this chapter on exam Path-goal theory strives to explain how leaders motivate followers to accomplish designated goals. Assumes o Performance and satisfaction of followers will be improved by leader focusing on followers’ motivational needs o Certain leader behaviours can supplement what is not provided in work setting Basic Premise of Path-Goal Theory Followers have a path with obstacles to get to their goal o Defines goals o Clarifies path o Removes obstacles o Provides support What Motivates Followers Path-goal theory is based on expectancy theory (motivation). Followers will be motivated if they believe o They are capable to do the work (effort leas to performance) o Their efforts will result in a certain outcome (performance leads to reward) o Payoffs for doing their work are worthwhile (rewards lead to personal goal) Expectancy Theory
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  • Conceptualizing Leadership

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