Blissful gnosis cognizing emptiness or the supreme

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blissful gnosis cognizing emptiness, or the supreme attainment of Buddhahood at the culmination of the Tantric pathThe Six Yogas of Naropa are a set of advanced tantric practices and a meditation sadhana (ritual) compiled by Naropa and conveyed to MarpaThe yogic techniques include the yogas of mystic heat, illusory body, clear light, dream state, intermediate state, and transference of consciousness°°Kadampa SchoolAfter the death of Langdarma, the Tibetan Empire falls into chaos and civil warIn the 10th-11thcent. Lha Lama Yeshe O, the king of Guge (western Tibet) wishes to revive (primarily monastic) Buddhism
He invites the great Indian scholar Atisa to reestablish “pure” teachings and monastic traditionsAtisa’s chief disciple, Dromtonpaestablishes the Kadam Schoolin Central TibetDromtonpa founded Reting Monastery in 1056 as the monastic seat of the Kadam SchoolKnown for its strict monastic and philosophical emphases, but also includes tantric teachings – becomes precurose to Geluk School°°Kadampa TeachingsAtisa’s (Indian Scholar) Lamp for the Path to Enlightenment extremely influential throughout Tibet (small, medium, large)Must believe in rebirth and nirvanaDescribes various spiritual “scopes” or “careers” in BuddhismTo be a Buddhist at all, one must at least desire to improve one’s future life (Being of small scope)Persons desiring either nirvana, or to attain enlightenment for the sake of others are beings of medium and great “scopes”, respectively, get off wheel of birth, to attain nirvanaAnother Kadampa teaching is “Mind Training”, simple, skillful techniques of transforming negative emotions into spiritual experienceoPractice of tantra but only within context of great scopeo
Bon: Pre-Buddhist Survival or Variant Form of Buddhism?01/11/2017°Roots of Tibetan CultureRoots of Tibetan culture connected with archaic shamanism in Northand Central AsiaToday most Tibetans practice a form of Buddhism deriving medieval IndiaIn Tibet, however, Indian Buddhism merged with ancient indigenous shamanism and animismThis gives Tibetan Buddhism its unique, colorful character (sense of aesthetics)°°ShamanismMain function of shaman is healing physical & spiritual illnesses of individuals (i.e. personal problems) & community (i.e. weather, crops, etc)Attempts to bring fragmented, alienated (wandering) soul back into wholeness & wellbeing (bring soul back into body to restore physicaland mental health)Shaman serve as a guide for human souls thru life and deathMasters of alternate states of consciousnessShamans “walk and talk” with gods and spiritsAscend to heaven and descend to underworld, realms of gods and ancestors who confer power and wisdomShamans also concerned with life on earth, nature, spirits (~environmentalists)Communicate with environment, animals°°Bon and BonpoIn Tibet, this pre-Buddhist religious culture was known as “Bon”

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