Led to hiring of about 1000 blacks ii participates

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i.Led to hiring of about 1000 blacksii.participates new migrations to the north and to the west. iii.First federal action that promoted equal opportunity and prohibit employment discrimination in the United States53.Korematsu v. United States (1944) a.Info: i.Court case about Japanese internment camps ii.Ideology - Japanese posed military threat to national security after Pearl Harbor. iii.upheld the order providing for the relocation of Japanese Americans. iv.Fred Korematsu - tried to evade detection by getting new identity through forging documents, plastic surgery. Eventually captured and arrested. Casegoes to supreme court where Justice Hugo Black justifies internment camps as a means of security.v.It was not until 1988 that Congress formally apologized and agreed to pay $20,000 to each survivorb.Significance:
i.showed the rampant racism in America during this time and the extent of government power during a wartime.ii.Americans had wanted and tried to get rid of the Japanese, especially in California where they posed a threat in the agricultural economy. Alien land laws made it difficult for Japanese to own land, but internment campsmade it impossible. 54.Potsdam (1945) a.Info:i.War in Europe is officially over so Truman, Churchill, and Stalin meet in Potsdam post WWII compromise. ii.Each would take reparations from its own occupation zone iii.Truman encouraged allies to help end the war in the pacific and also notedthe success of atomic bomb testing b.Significance: i.Marked the end of WII in Europe, serving as a structure of super powers Russia and America ii.Marked the end of wartime alliance. 55.Stalingrad (1942-1943) a.Info:i.Pinnacle battle between Russia and Germany, with German forces stoppedby the Soviets because of strategic mistakes. Hitler’s hopes of winning were diminished. Germans surrendered and leads to vulnerability to invasion on the Western Front. ii.75% of Germany’s manpower still in Russia.b.Significance: i.Foreshadowing the end of WII, the War Europe and establishing Russia as a dominating power later in the Cold War 56.Isolationism (1938-1941) a.Info:i.Roosevelt supported Britain and France but did not directly interveneii.Lend lease which secretly sent destroyers to aid Allied Powersb.Significance: i.America did not want to interfere in WWII because of the scars from WWI. Yet, despite the neutrality acts passed by Congress, ultimately America indirectly began involving itself in the war. ii.Furtive tactic to supply arms to allies without disrupting isolationist ideals 57.Robert McNamara (1961-1968) a.Info:
i.mechanical thinker, strategic bombing campaign office and CEO of Ford Motor Companyii.Secretary of Stateiii.(1965) McNamara used quantitative analysis saw that we were winning the wariv.battle of attrition, KD ratiov.Later regretted the Vietnam War b.Significance: i.projected the war through statistic to make it appear that US victory58.Ngo Dinh Diem (1955-1963) a.Info:i.First president of South Vietnam installed by the US government in 1955ii.

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