They are the non publics who have no problem latent publics who have a problem

They are the non publics who have no problem latent

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of ‘publics’. They are the ‘non publics’ who have no problem, ‘latent publics’ who have a problem , but are not aware of it, ‘aware publics’ who recognize that they have a problem, and ‘active publics’ who do something about their problem. For the purpose of this thesis, their classification was chosen as it offers the most useful description of the public and their involvement in the agenda setting process. In the policy arena, MS only provides descriptive adjectives of the policy community. Kingdon (2011, p. 117) proposes that policy communities are “composed of specialists in a given policy area” and that the level of fragmentation of a policy community is positively correlated with the stability of their agenda. The more fragmented a policy community, the more unstable is their agenda. This is similar to the proposals made in the Advocacy Coalition Framework. DI does not specify policy communities, but refers
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98 to previously discussed concepts. To complete the theoretical framework, the considerations of collective actors should be specified. In investigating public sector accounting in Australia from 1976-1993, Ryan (1995, p. 204; 1998) counted “politicians, auditor -generals, public accounts committees and accounting professionals working in govern ment” as the policy community that was ‘softened up’ by the policy entrepreneurs. She used Kingdon’s descriptive notion of the policy community. Singh and Newberry (2009) did not consider the concept of the policy community. A widely used concept of collective actors in the context of international policy coordination is that of the ‘epistemic community’ as associated with Haas (1992). While Ruggie (1975) is the first author to coin this term, Haas developed the concept further and provided a number of characteristics to identify them. Members of the epistemic community have: (1) a shared set of normative and principled beliefs, which provide a value-based rationale for the social action of community members; (2) shared causal beliefs, which are derived from their analysis of practices leading or contributing to a central set of problems in their domain and which then serve as the basis for elucidating the multiple linkages between possible policy actions and desired outcomes; (3) shared notions of validity- that is, intersubjective, internally defined criteria for weighing and validating knowledge in the domain of their expertise; and (4) a common policy enterprise-that is, a set of common practices associated with a set of problems to which their professional competence is directed, presumably out of the conviction that human welfare will be enhanced as a consequence .” (Haas 1992, p. 3) An epistemic community is differentiated from other groups, such as professions, interest groups or legislators and bureaucratic groups, through shared principled and causal beliefs, interests and a consensual knowledge base (Haas 1992, p. 18).
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  • Fall '13
  • Government, The Land, International Financial Reporting Standards, Financial Accounting Standards Board, Australian Accounting Standards Board, Snow

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