Nevertheless, parking is still one of the main problems in UTP due to a few factors. For overnight parking, the vehicles are not necessarily need to be parked at the hostel parking area. They can be parked at any other area as long as it is legal. For example, village 1 students can use the main hall parking area if there is no empty spaces left in the parking area provided. For village 3 and village 5 students, they can also park their cars on the roadside as long as they are not on the yellow line. Otherwise, they could be fined by the security guards. Students also are not allowed to park their vehicles at any reserved spaces. Those spaces are mainly for securities, vendors or wardens. Occupying the reserved spaces can cause delay in their work.
8 CHAPTER 2 LITERATURE REVIEW Parking is a very common problem that happened in majority of the urban areas in the world. The rise of human population contributes to the increase of demand while the supply is decreasing. In so many years, engineers and planners have come out with a variety of ways on how to overcome this problem. Just like the urban areas, universities are also facing this kind of problem. Each semester, the intake of students is getting more and more causing the higher demand in the campus. Figure 2.1 shows the comparison between student enrolments in 2011 and 2014 in a few local universities. Based on the statistics, the number of students enrolled in 2014 is higher than 2011. Obviously, the number of transportation users will be increased. This is why parking needs to be managed well in all universities. Parking management is a program to improve the utilizing of current parking spaces (Bowerman, 2006). Besides that, Litman (2006) stated that the parking management can also reduce the demand, traffic and pollution, and to provide more accessible lands and significant financial savings. Figure 2.1: The enrolment of students in Public Universities in Malaysia 0 5000 10000 15000 20000 25000 30000 35000 Universiti Malaya Universiti Sains Malaysia Universiti Putra Malaysia Universiti Islam Antarabangsa Malaysia Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia The Enrolment of Students in Public Universities in Malaysia 2011 2014
9 The basic step to solve the parking problems in university campus is to increase the parking spaces. If the number of students is keep on increasing throughout the year, surely the parking demand is getting higher among them. By adding more parking spaces or building new parking area, this problem could be solved for at least a few semesters depends on the intakes of the students in a university. Creating a new parking space doesn’t mean they have to be built on a new land, it can also be on the ex isting area. In Smith College, there are no empty spaces available for constructing new parking area due to preservation of green spaces. Hence, they identify some potential existing areas around the campus that are suitable to be used as parking area. Some of the areas identified are field opposite stable area like in Figure 2.2 and tennis court access road. Around 50 to 150 spaces could be accommodated in those areas. Adding more parking spaces at the
- Fall '18
- Parking lot, Parking space, parking management