You can use old references pre 1990 for your background reading but many will

You can use old references pre 1990 for your

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You can use old references (pre-1990) for your background reading but many will be unsuitable for your annotated bibliography. The Polar Regions are changing rapidly and this needs to be reflected in your reading. For this assignment, all four of your references must post-date 2000. You can use government reports and textbooks for your background reading (and refer to them in your essay) but they are unsuitable for your proposal and annotated bibliography. FINAL MESSAGE: The weight of the proposal (12.5% of the course) is a better representation of its importance than its length. Treat this proposal as a help, not a hoop to be jumped through. The more thought you
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put in now on the essay proposal and the more advanced your bibliographic search, the easier it will be to complete the subsequent steps. POSSIBLE ESSAY TOPICS: This is not a list of essay titles. You can choose to develop your title within one of the topics on this list or come up with your own topic and get it pre-approved by the professor. 1. Governance of the Polar Regions (national vs. international governance) 2. Militarisation of the Arctic (history, present-day, future) 3. Tourism in the Polar Regions (Last chance, ecotourism) 4. Resource development in the Arctic 5. Indigenous cultures in the Arctic (preservation) 6. Colonialisation in the Arctic (history, present practices) 7. Sea ice and (selected) trophic levels in marine ecosystems 8. Arctic population health (select particular issues) 9. Arctic demographics (life expectancy, birth rates...) 10. Permafrost (southern vs. northern hemisphere) 11. Ice sheets (Greenland vs. Antarctica) 12. Persistent Organic Pollutants (southern vs. northern hemisphere) 13. Heavy Metals (southern vs. northern hemisphere) 14. Apex predators in the marine ecosystem (southern vs. northern hemisphere) 15. Specialist organisms in the Arctic terrestrial ecosystem (adaptations, plants, animals)
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  • Fall '18
  • Antoni Lewkowicz
  • Antarctica, polar regions

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