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our example, there is a fundamental difference in the sense that the parties differed on who caused the accident. Molefe said the accident was the result of Mahaeng’s negligence, and Mahaeng saidthat he was not negligent.(3) Ex Parte Addleson 1948 (2) SA 16 (E)The parties are: Applicant and/or Respondent if anyThis case is another example of a civil case. However, here the application proceeding has been used. In application proceedings the Latin words ‘‘Ex parte’’ (in theapplication) appear before the applicant’s name. In other words, the name of the person who is bringing the application (the applicant’s name) immediately follows these Latinwords. With reference to our example, Mr. Addleson brought an application to be admitted as an advocate. In application proceedings, the procedure is started by way of notice of motion. Unlike in action proceedings, this procedure (that is, application proceeding) is used when there is no fundamental difference between the parties as far as the facts of the case are concerned. The parties, in other words, more or less agree on the facts of the case. Usually one party, namely the applicant, is involved, and it is that party who brings the application. If there is another person who wants to object to the application, then that person would be indicated as the respondent. In our example, Mr. Addleson applied to be admitted as an advocate. If someone wanted to, such a person could have objected to his (Mr. Addleson’s) application, andhe/she would thus be the respondent.