The Interview ProcessoThe researcher must enter a dialogue with the key decisionmakers in an effort to fully understand the situation that has motivated a research effort. This process is critical and the researcher should be granted access to all individuals who have specific knowledge of or insight into this situation. i.Develop many alternative problem statements. These can emerge from the interview material or from simply rephrasing decision statements and problem statements. ii.Think about potential solutions to the problem.iii.Make lists. Use interrogative techniques to generate lists of potential questions that can be used in the interview process. Interrogative techniques simply involve asking multiple what, where, who, when, why, and how questions. They can also be used to provoke introspection, which can assist with problem definition. iv.Be open-minded. It is very important to consider all ideas as plausible in the beginning stages of problemsolvingIdentifying SymptomsInterviews with key decision makers also can be one of the best ways to identify key problem symptoms. Recall that all problems have symptoms. Once symptoms are identified, then the researcher must probe to identify possible causes of these changes. Probing is an interview technique that tries to draw deeper and more elaborate explanations from the discussion. 2.Identify key problem(s) from symptoms The preceding interview is extremely useful in translating the decision situation into a working problem definition by focusing on symptoms. Downloaded by:: bryce0736 | [email protected]Distribution of this document is illegal
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Stuvia.com - The study-notes marketplace3.Research Objectives Symptoms can be confusing:Translating Decision Statements:1.Determine the unit of analysis (OUTPUT variable)Downloaded by:: bryce0736 | [email protected]Distribution of this document is illegal
Stuvia.com - The study-notes marketplace4.Determine the Unit of Analysis (OUTPUT variables)Unit of analysis:A study indicates what or who should provide the data and at what level of aggregation. 5.Determine the relevant variables (INPUT variable)What is a Variable:Variable:Anything that varies or changes from one instance to another; can exhibit differences in value, usually in magnitude orstrength, or in direction. Constant:Something that does not change; is not useful in addressing research questions. Types of Variables:Continuous variable:A variable that can take on a range of values that correspond to some quantitative amount. Categorical variable:A variable that indicates membership in some group. Classificatory variable:Another term for a categorical variable because it classifies units into categories. Dependent variable:A process outcome or a variable that is predicted and/or explained by other variables.
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