It is indeed design management from the viewpoint of

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It is indeed design management from the viewpoint of management theories and concepts. Yet, although this study could be perceived as an academic perception, it is not so. It is, instead, a result of mixing a scientific background of university studies
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in economics with ten years professional experience of managing designers that has been theorized. Fundamentals In my previous research based on management models (Borja de Mozota 1992) a convergent model of design management was developed based on two perspectives: the reactive or managerial approach and the proactive design approach. The managerial approach involves enhancing design impact in organizations by accommodating management concepts. All management paradigms are examined in order to choose the ideas and methods that will make design more efficient. This can be achieved by linking design with concepts such as organization, reputation or strategy. This perspective applies the different theories of management scientific, behavioural, decisional, systemic, situational to design issues. The role of design management is to improve design with managerial knowledge. In contrast, the design approach involves examining design as a new paradigm in order to arrive at ideas and methods that can be used to enhance the efficiency of management in general and design management in particular. Since a different vision of organizational reality emerges from the science of design, the management system is enriched by design. The objective of design management is, then, to improve management with design knowledge (Junginger 2006). In this chapter, the longitudinal study of the theory of strategic value design in organizations refers to the managerial approach of design management and to the concept of strategy and competitive advantage. 278 Design, Management and the Organization The first research question is simple: what is the value of design for strategy in organizations? So the theoretical background is both strategy theory and design theory. The main finding is that design is a function of organizations and, consequently, a management method. Therefore evidence is given for the second approach of design management based on a new theory of strategic management: the resource based view of strategy. Having explained our research approach, why focus on value? Value is what motivates human activities. Value, according to Peter Drucker (1967) is the essence of what organizations are. Managing for value is not just about profit making; it is also about bringing about long-term changes such as shareholders value. Our analysis is not about implementing simplistic economic metrics such as Stern Stewart s Economic Value Added (EVATM, New York) as a key measure of performance. Value is not only about change in the accounting system; it is about commitment to shareholders and to stakeholders value. It is about facing resistance to change in order to implement the desired cultural transformation that will enable all the workers, including designers, to make value creating decisions.
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