increases the risk of having a pre-mature baby because of mother’s not being able to carry to full-term pregnancy. There is also the risk of the fetus dying and the mother having a stillbirth. Not only is substance use harmful to the fetus, it is still hard on the newborn when they are born, as
Substance Abuse While Pregnantthey can and very frequently do end up going into withdrawal from the substances once they are no longer getting them.Some studies have estimated that out of all pregnant women ages fifteen to forty-four, approximately 5.4% were using illegal drugs. For comparison, this same study showed that 11.4% of non-pregnant women ages fifteen to forty-four were using illegal drugs (Sunrise House,2020). It has been noted that when a woman consumes alcohol on a regular or even semi-regular basis are 50% more likely to suffer from a miscarriage, and also are noticeably more likely to deliver a baby that has dangerously low birth weight. Drug use does not only affect the baby directly after birth. Babies that were exposed to drugs are much more likely to suffer from developmental delays when they get older, along with learning problems and behavioral disorders. They also have a much greater risk of dying due to sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (NAS) caused there to be a cost of $462 million in hospital cost. Newborns born with neonatal abstinence syndrome tend to have longer hospital stays after they are born, often have a higher rate of needing to be brought back to the hospital, and are more likely than other babies to need to be moved to the NICU for treatment (Winkelman, 2018). One state estimated that for just one child with a diagnosis of neonatal abstinence syndrome, the resulting cost for total educational services that are provided was around sixteen thousand dollars.