The normal cargoes that are carried include rice corn

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The normal cargoes that are carried include rice, corn, logs, urea, iron ore, sand, pipes and bananas. Normally these vessels are chartered as bulk cargoes are not compatible with other cargoes. Cargoes are put in the holds (referring to the deck). When loading and unloading the cargoes, cranes and rope slings are used.
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Types of Vessels (cont.) How to Book a Conventional Vessel Bookings need to be planned way ahead. Most importantly, the cargo must be maximized in order to reduce the cost per MT of the cargo. The normal procedures include: (1)Determine the cargo readiness (time and tonnage); (2)Sourcing for a vessel that meets your requirements; (3)Signing a contract (ship charter); (4)Placing a booking notice and paying the necessary deposits; (5)Monitoring cargo readiness and arrival of the vessel, and (6)Planning with the port authorities for stevedore services, berth locations and others. (7)Note that the timing given by conventional vessels are always estimates.
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Types of Vessels (cont.) Containerized Vessel In doing international business, containerized cargos are the most commonly used ones. Cargoes are normally loaded into: (1) Twenty foot boxes – or also commonly known as TEU (twenty footer equivalent units), and (2) Fourty foot boxes – or also commonly known as FEU (forty foot equivalent units). One FEU is equivalent to two TEUs. Length Width Height Max Volume TEU 20 f (6.1 m) 8 f (2.4 m) 8.5 f (2.6 m) 1,360 cu f (39 m 3 ) 1 40 f (12 m) 8 f (2.4 m) 8.5 f (2.6 m) 2,720 cu f (77 m 3 ) 2
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Types of Vessels (cont.) Containerized Vessel (cont.) There are also other container sizes which are uncommon and need advance notices to the carries to provide the equipment. These containers are limited in supply and consumers have to pay extra for the usage. Twenty foot high cube; Forty-five foot high cube; Open top container (very limited equipment); Forty-five foot containers; Forty-eight foot containers (very rare), and Fifty-eight foot containers (very rare).
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Types of Vessels (cont.)
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  • Spring '17
  • Dr Haslinda

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