The War of 1812 was a military conflict that lasted from June 1812 to February 1815, fought between the United States of America and the United Kingdom , its North American colonies , and its Native American allies. Washington Irving Famed 19th century American author is known for his biographical works and such stories as 'Rip Van Winkle' and 'The Legend of Sleepy Hollow. William Henry Harrison Sr. (1773 –1841) was the ninth President of the United States (1841), an American military officer, and the last president born as a British subject The Adams–Onís Treaty of 1819, was a treaty between the United States and Spain in 1819 that ceded Florida to the U.S. and defined the boundary between the U.S. and New Spain . American System a tariff to protect and promote American industry; a national bank to foster commerce; and federal subsidies for roads, canals, and other "internal improvements" to develop profitable markets for agriculture. Francis Cabot Lowell (1775 - 1817) was an American businessman for whom the city of Lowell, Massachusetts, is named. He was instrumental in bringing the Industrial Revolution to the United States . Henry Clay, Sr. (1777 –1852) who represented Kentucky in both the United States Senate and House of Representatives. He served three non-consecutive terms as Speaker of the House of Representatives and served as Secretary of State under President John Quincy Adams. John Quincy Adams was an American statesman who served as a diplomat, United States Senator, member of the House of Representatives, and was the sixth President of the United States from 1825 to 1829. He was a member of the Federalist . Missouri Compromise : in an effort to preserve the balance of power in Congress between slave and free states, the Missouri Compromise was passed in 1820 admitting Missouri as a slave state and Maine as a free state. The Monroe Doctrine Buried in a routine annual message delivered to Congress by President James Monroe in December 1823, the doctrine warns European nations that the United States would not tolerate further colonization or puppet monarchs.
victory of the Democratic- Republicans in the 1800 election. As Jefferson described his party's successful The Panic of 1819 was the first major peacetime financial crisis in the United States followed by a general collapse of the American economy persisting through 1821. The Panic announced the transition of the nation from its colonial commercial status with Europe  toward an independent economy. The Seminole Wars , were three conflicts in Florida between the Seminole — groups of Native Americans and African Americans who settled in Florida in the early 18th century—and the United States Army . The Tallmadge Amendment was a proposed amendment to a bill requesting the Territory of Missouri to be admitted to the Union as a free state.
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- History, John Adams