100%(8)8 out of 8 people found this document helpful
This preview shows page 3 - 5 out of 9 pages.
Similarity: Produced highly advanced native civilizations in generalDifference: North American technologies were far behind South American onesExplain the significance of the differencebetween Central /South America and North America.Central/ South America is where NorthAmerica gets most of its diversity. Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, and many more countries contributed by sharingits unique foods, spices and flavors. Not to mention that most North Americas inhabitants are Latinos. 4.Europe Moves Toward Exploration, pp 5-6Key Concepts & Main IdeasNotesAnalysisNew technology, new knowledge, and new goals spurredImprovements in technology…Renaissance- Improvements in other’s inventionsRebirth of classical learning Shipbuilding, mapmaking, printing pressIdentify the key differencebetween Viking voyages of the 12thcentury to that of Columbus in the 15thcentury.The Vikings didn’t have a lasting impact on their journeys, while Columbus involved people and did.
European exploration.Religious conflict…Catholic Victory in SpainKings and Queens (monarchies?)Howdid new technology enable Christopher Columbus to dominate the “New World?”Technological improvements helped Columbus build bigger and stronger ships and better navigational systems, like the compass and the map.What was theimpactof the Catholic victory in Spainand the European Reformation on North America?Spain became too proud of their Catholic heritage and became extremely strict, such as killing people that didn’t want to be Catholics and establishing colonies made to convert people to Catholicism. North America was pretty much like a haven for those looking for religious freedom and fleeing for the fear of being prosecuted. 5.Expanding Trade, pp 6-7Key Concepts & Main IdeasNotesAnalysisEconomic motives drove exploration, and “discovery” altered the European, African, and America economically,politically, and culturally.New Routes…Rich Asian trade must be by 1) sailing south along the W. African coast east to China (shorter) or 2) sailing west across the Atlantic OceanPortuguese sea captain Vasco de Gama was the first European to reach India via South Africa’s Good Cape of HopeColumbus attempted the route but failedSlave Trading…Europe, Africa, and Asia enslaved people captured from warsPortuguese started trading slaves from West Africa (used on sugar plantations)Europeans used the slave system when they first started establishing coloniesAfrican Resistance…Enslaved Africans resisted slavery Ran away, sabotaged work, or revoltedMaintained African culture through music, religion, and folkwaysDeveloping Nation-States…Small kingdoms were growing, along with enormous multiethnic empiresNation-states were replacing small kingdoms and empires (bigger, and better than them)List three main effectsof Europe’s expanding trade in the 15thcentury.