Authority power that is accepted as legitimate

This preview shows page 5 - 6 out of 6 pages.

Authority: Power that is accepted as legitimate.Coercion: Power that we do not accept as morally correct.State: Government that claims the exclusive right to use violence and the right to punish anyone else that does.Revolution: Armed resistance with the intention to overthrow a government.Traditional Authority: Authority that is based on custom.Rational-legal Authority: Authority based on written rules. For example: The authority granted to a position a person holds in office, not the person himselfor herself.Charismatic Authority: Authority a person holds because others are drawn to their outstanding traits. Routinization of Charisma: Transition of authority from a charismatic leader toa rational-legal authority.City-states: First type of government consisting of a monarchy.Democracy: Citizens give power to a ruler.Two Types of Democracy:Direct Democracy: Democracies that were small enough for eligible voters to meet, express opinions, and vote publicly.Representative Democracy: Democracies with large populations
Citizenship: Idea that by virtue of birth and residence, people have basic rights.Universal Citizenship: Idea of everyone having the same basic rights by virtueof being born in a countryDictatorship: Government run by a single person who has seized power.Oligarchy: Government run by a small group that seized power.Totalitarianism: Almost total control of a people by a government.Unitary State: State in which all power resides with the central government.Confederal Union: State in which provinces have most of the powers and the central government has little authority to enforce national decisions on the sovereign provinces.Proportional Representation: Election in which the seats in the national legislature are divided according to the proportion of votes received by each political party.Noncentrist Parties: Parties that propose less popular ideas.Coalition Government: When the party with the most seats must align itself with one or more of the smaller parties to muster the required votes to make national decisions.Pluralism: Diffusion of power among many interest groups, preventing one group from having all the power.Power Elite: Coalition of individuals whose interests coincide and who have access to the center of political power in the United States.War: Armed conflict between nations or politically distinct groups.Dehumanization: The process of reducing people to objects that do not deserve to be treated as humans.Nationalism: Identity with and loyalty to a nation.

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture