untreatable stages of cervical cancer. Different stages of cancer require the affected woman and the health care providers to discuss thoroughly the best treatment option available for potentially include a cure or promote longevity. Drug treatments are designed to destroy or eradicate cancer cells (National Cancer Institute, 2014). Drugs approved by the Food and Drug Administration (2017) for the treatments of cervical cancer include Avastin, a monoclonal antibody drug can the revascularization of endothelial growth factor to reproduce new blood vessels (American Cancer Institute, 2018). Bleomycin and Hycamtin are cytotoxic chemotherapy drugs; while Keytruda is an immunotherapy PD-1 drug use to decrease the immune system from attacking healthy cells in the body (National Cancer Institute, 2014). Gemcitabine-cisplatin is a combination drug used to treat metastatic cervical cancer (Arcangelo, Peterson, Wilbur, & Reinhold, 2017; American Cancer Society, 2018). These drugs as mentioned earlier are the likely choices for the treatment of cervical cancer and have been effective in reducing cancer cells and improve the immune system. The complexity of cervical cancer drug therapies causes the patients to experience some short-term initially and then, long term implications. Early short-term implications of cervical cancer drugs are nausea, vomiting, poor appetite, loss, inability to work, and grief dealing with the loss (American Cancer Society, 2018). In contrast, the long-term consequences of radiotherapy and chemotherapy on the individuals diminish their quality of life. Following completion of therapies, women may experience a change in sexual activities, uncontrolled bladder and bowel disorders, depression, fear of the unknown future, infertility, and in some cases induced-menopause (Pfaendler, Wenzel, Mechanic, & Penner, 2015). The impact of cancer
CANCER AND WOMEN’S AND MEN’S HEALTH 5 treatment on these patients requires ongoing counseling, family support, and other resources such as an organized cancer group that is equipped and qualified to work with women struggling with the short and- long term effect of drug therapies. Both the short and long term use of drug therapies cause emotional and physiological changes in women.
- Fall '13
- Human papillomavirus