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demonstrates that it is important for nurses to gain experience as it influences their level of helping manage pain. Link between PICOT Statement, Research Articles, and Nursing problemThe nursing problem identified is pain management for postoperative patients, an issue that has in recent times been associated with significant negative impacts on the wellbeing of the patients. The research articles are directly linked to the nursing problem identified as they both address the issue of pain management with the study by Craig (2014), relating pain management with nurses’ perceptions and attitudes while the study by Ingadottir et al. (2016) indicating how teaching approaches impact learning on pain management strategies. The studies aim to provide logical and extensive support for the nursing problem identified. With the proper teaching approaches, Ingadottir et al. (2016) indicate that patients are in a better position to managing their postoperative pain. The PICOT statement identifies the nursing problem, the population of interest, and the intervention addressed by the two articles. It is therefore evident that the PICOt
POSTOPERATIVE PAIN MANAGEMENT8statement, research articles, and the nursing problem identified are linked in that the articles help to address the PICOT statement and the nursing problem. Proposed Evidence-Based Practice (EBP)The proposed EBP change process is the use of music therapy as an anesthesia for postoperative pain management. The study by Ingadottir et al. (2016) indicates that the teaching and learning methods have a significant impact on pain management. With the understanding of pain management, it is possible for the patients to identify music therapy as an alternative pain management strategy. Craig (2014) also indicate that nurses’ knowledge and attitude on pain management is related to the level at which nurses can help their patients to manage pain. With significant experience, healthcare providers have a better understanding of music therapy and its applicability and may help the patients incorporate this intervention into their treatment plan.
POSTOPERATIVE PAIN MANAGEMENT9ReferenceCraig, J. A. (2014). Nursing knowledge and attitudes toward pain management. Gardner-Webb University.Ingadottir, B., Blondal, K., Jaarsma, T., &Thylen, I. (2016). Perceptions about traditional and novel methods to learn about postoperative pain management: a qualitative study. Journal of advanced nursing, 72(11), 2672-2683. Doi: 10.1111/jan.13021. Epub 2016 Jun13. Kahloul, M., Mhamdi, S., Nakhli, M. S., Sfeyhi, A. N., Azzaza, M., Chaouch, A., & Naija, W. (2017). Effects of music therapy under general anesthesia in patients undergoing abdominal surgery. Libyan Journal of Medicine, 12(1), 1260886. Doi: 10.1080/19932820.2017.1260886Vaajoki, A., Kankkunen, P., Pietilä, A. M., Kokki, H., &Vehviläinen-Julkunen, K. (2012).The impact of listening to music on analgesic use and length of hospital stay while recoveringfrom laparotomy.Gastroenterology Nursing,35(4), 279-284. Doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2702.2011.03829.x.