debt policies limiting consumption Mariel exodus 125000 going to US

Debt policies limiting consumption mariel exodus

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debt, policies limiting consumption, Mariel exodus (125,000 going to US) Rectification Campaign 1986 - Return to solidarity and volunteerism - Farmers’ markets again banned, bonuses and extra pay abolished, independent farmers lost 2% of land, labour discipline enforced, workers lost many union rights - Poor economic results: productivity fell, absenteeism at work increased, reduced supplies led to increase in prices, black markets appeared, transport and electricity rates increased, populations living conditions decreased. Special Period 1991 - Dissolution of USSR = hundreds of projects abandoned, subsidized goods, oil, access to international loans ended, rationing began, long blackouts, restricted public transport American Response and Counterrevolution - 1960: Eisenhower began US economic boycott of Cuba - Total trade blockade - Cuban begins to align with the Soviet Union, after US cancels sugar quota (US would buy at least 80% of all exports) - 1962: Kennedy formed the EXCOM (Committee of the National Security Council) and demanded the Russians remove missiles from Cuba - 1963: Test Ban Treaty between USSR, UK, US banning testing of nukes in atmosphere - 1968: Non Proliferation Treaty to stop the spreading of nukes to other non-nuclear countries - 1976: New constitution officially made Cuba a socialist republic - 1996: Helms-Burton Act: reaction to in attack on 2 unarmed US civilian aircraft by the Cuban government - The act strengthened the existing US embargo on Cuba - Asserts that US may not conduct trade with Cuba - Many countries refused to recognise the act as law because it limits trade - An American attempt to rid communism from its backyard Castro’s Cuba 1959 + 1960s Censorship built schools, free education, hospitals Std of living INCREASE US embargo starts Agri reforms nationalization of us and Foreign companies sugar primary export GDP increases Castro comes into pwr 1960 UN address Bay of Pigs 1960 UN address Congo Bolivia Booted out of OAS 1970s rhetoric self sacrifice racial gender equality family code literacy std of living INCREASE productivity increased by 20% by 1971 GDP from 3.9%-10% reduced but not eliminated one crop year of decisive endeavour/ Year of 10 Million - to referendum constitution compulsory labour blamed US for all the problems that arose in Cuba
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sell a lot of sugar to ussr, break production record (10 Million) failed to reach target 1980s massive cuban emigration of 125,000 people to the US standard of living DECREASE with growth of public resistance Peruvian embassy framed for troubles reversed market-reliant policies - end of 80s* trade embargo rectification policy- (1986) making more with less briefly allowed limited free market trade by farmers recentralized authority relationship with USSR weakening Castro sent thousands of mentally ill patients and prisoners to the US the masses were opposed to growing authoritarianism 1990s Famine Fertility DECREASE Discontent Healthcare improved by Helms-Burton Act increase in
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