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Discrimination:behavior that denies other members resources/rewards that can be obtained by others. D vs. P: individuals who are prejudiced against others can’t engage in discriminatory practices against them; people may act discriminatory toward a group w/o being prejudiced against that group Stereotyping:thinking in terms of fixed and inflexible categories Displacement:the transferring of ideas/emotions from their true source to another object Scapegoats:individuals/groups blamed for wrongs that weren’t their doing Antiracism:forms of thought and/or practice that seek to confront, eradicate and/or ameliorate racism Apartheid:the system of racial segregation established in south africa Assimilation:the acceptance of a minority group by a majority pop. Where the new group takes on the values/norms of the dominant culture Melting pot:the idea that ethnic differences can be combined to create new patterns of behavior drawing on diverse cultural sources
Pluralism:a model for ethnic relations where all ethnic groups retain their independent & separate identities yet share equally in the rights & powers of citizenship Multiculturalism:the condition where ethnic groups exist separately & share equally in economic & political life Immigration:the movement of people into one country from another for settlement Emigration:the movement of people out of one country to settle in another Diaspora:the dispersal of an ethnic pop from an original homeland into foreign areas, often in a forced manner or under traumatic circumstances Genocide:the systematic, planned destruction of a racial, political, or cultural group Ethnic cleansing:the creation of ethnically homogenous territories through the mass expulsion of ethnic populations Segregation:the practices of keeping racial & ethnic groups physically separate, thereby maintaining the superior position of the dominant group Chapter 7 norms: rules of conduct that specify appropriate behavior in a given range of social situations. a norm either prescribes a given type of behavior or forbids it. all human groups follow definite norms, which are always backed by sanctions of one kind or another, varying from informal disapproval to physical punishment deviance: modes of action that do not conform to the norms or values held by most members of a group/society. what is regarded as deviant is as variable as the norms/values that distinguish different cultures/subcultures from one another. forms of behavior that are highly esteeme by one group are regarded negatively by others sanction: a mode of reward/punishment that reinforces socially expected forms of behavior laws: rules of behavior established by a political authority and backed by state power crime: any actions that contravene the laws established by a political authority. although we may think of criminals as a distinct subsection of the population, there are few people who haven’t broken the law in