Gifts of iron Reasons for early conversions Religious motives Economic motives

Gifts of iron reasons for early conversions religious

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Gifts of iron Reasons for early conversions Religious motives Economic motives Political motives Social motives L.12 Heroes and Villains: Conflict and Conquests I. Canonical Historiography Eurocentric, Hagiogrpahy Le Gobien, Garcia Fighting a “holy war” Promoting Peace Eurocentric- heroes as “Good Christians” Villains: Chamorros o Portrayed as Pagans, followers of Satan o Known as “Rebels” II. Escalating Conflict: Political/economic issues San Vitores arrives: June 1668 First Martyr (1669), Lorenzo de Morales in Saipan San Vitores requests 200 more soldiers in order to “inspire fear” Politcal/Economic issues Decentralized government o Quipuha vs. Rival Maga’lahe: Clan Alliance system 90% of Chamorros died Makahna vs. Padres San Vitores: “superstitions and idolatry” Uritao: “Satan’s ministers,” “those they call Urritaos who are the free lads, who usually give themselves freely to an unrestrained appetite for sex.” Mangachang (Hineti)
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Katherine Allen HI-211 Women and the mtrilineage Hurao/Agualin speeches III. Escalating conflict: Social/culutural issues Disease and depopulation Poisonous holy water? (Choco) “Kidnappings” V. Chamorro Spanish War “Slaying of Sanvitores” 1672 Sanvitores and Pedro Calungsod Mata’pang and Hirao Chamorro Spanish War (1672-1695) Traditional Demarcation o 1668-72: Peace o 1672-95: War L.13 Chamorro-Soanish War & Its Aftermath (1668-95) I. Canonical Historiography Robert A. Taitano Underwood Chamorro scholar: USC Doctorate, UOG Professor, Dean of Ed, VP, UOG President (2008-2018) Delegate to US Congress (1993-2003) Eurocentric, Hagiographic “Holy war” Peaceful (violence de-emphasized) God on Spain’s side (Garcia) Fr. Francisco Garcia: Ch. 15 “… Victory of the Spaniards due to the prayers of the servant of God” Ch.16-17: “Father San Vitores’ Glorious Death for Christ SV as “Angel of Peace” “The cause of the Spanish thus justified, God took their side for his own, favoring them with miraculous providences” (239) II. Aggression Little mention of: Whippings Garrottings (“the collar”) April 2, 1672: SAN VITORES DIES May 23, 1673-June 10, 1676: DAMIAN DE ESPANA, SARGENTO MAYOR (TROOP COMMANDER) Quartering: In Tumon, Esplana quartered a native andhanged his body parts on poles as warming to other Chamorros Beheadings and Impalement: “Several Chamorros were beheaded and their heads displayed on poles outside the fortress.” (Farrell 170) 1679-1720, Jose Quiroga: military commander, 3x acting governor
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Katherine Allen HI-211 Praised in Spanish accounts: Great bravery An angel A wonderful example to everyone Famous A lion Noble and Christian gentleman II. Aggression: Quiroga “tenacious pursuit and killing of Chamorro dissidents, the burning of their villages, and efforts to quell resistance” Described Chamorros as “barbarian people who are Godless, lawless and almost devoid of reason” Destroyed skulls; spears (“worst weapons in the world”) Took the heads of chiefs “as a trophy”
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  • Fall '19
  • Katherine Allen,  Reasons,  Cristoforo Colombo,  Fernão de Magalhães

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