Undergoing therapies are more likely to improve

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Undergoing therapies are more likely to improve…
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Social Psychology Studies how we think about, influence, and relate to one another Impression Formation Primary effect – tendency for an overall impression to be influenced more by the first  impression that is received than by information that comes later Attributions Inferences about the cause of other people’s behavior Types of attributions Dispositional Attribute someone’s behavior to something within them Ex. think of someone failing test b/c he didn’t study or is stupid Situational Something outside of the person is causing their behavior Ex. failed b/c exam was too hard or didn’t have enough time Self-serving Tend to make situational excuses for why we failed and dispositional ones if we did well Fundamental Attribution Error Tend to explain other people’s behaviors in terms of disposition rather than situational Effects of Attribution How we explain someone’s behavior affects how we react to it Ex. someone passing you on the street Attitudes and Actions Attitudes – feelings, beliefs, or actions toward an object, idea, or person Attitudes affect actions and visa versa
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Foot-in-the-door phenomenon Agree to small thing then bigger thing later Role-playing affects attitudes Limbardo Experiment (prison) Cognitive-dissonance Occurs when people behave aware of inconsistencies b/w their attributes and their  behavior Smoking Persuasion Attempt to change the opinions, beliefs or choices of others by explanation or argument Success depends on: Source, Method, Audience Social Influence Chameleon effect – mimic other people Conformity – adjust behavior to consist with group behavior Why? Normative social influence (accepted by others) Informational social influence Obedience Giving into pressure of an authority figure Mil gram experiment Why conform even when knowing it’s wrong Group Influence Social facilitation Presence of other people tends to improve our performance People watching increases our arousal
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Social Loafing When working in a group, you tend to put in less effort Deindividuation When in group, we become less restrained and less self-aware Effects of group interactions Group polarization – tendency of group discussion to lead to more extreme decisions Group think Tendency for all members of a group to think alike Prejudice and Discrimination Stereotype Generalized beliefs and expectations about a specific group Prejudice A negative (or positive) evaluation of a group Discrimination Behavior directed toward individuals on the basis of their membership in a particular  group Roots of prejudice Social Roots Social inequalities Us vs. Them Ingroup – all the people share the same qualities Outgroup – people who are different Ingroup Bias – tend to favor our own group Emotional Roots
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